The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints (Vocab sources (https://goo…
The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints
Changes affecting the church
Three known continents until columbus.
increased wealth caused by stimulated trade.
wealth led to city growth and new merchant class
Disruption of class system
Only clergy, nobility, and peasant classes until this time.
new wealth gave merchants more influence that affected the power structure
Clergy - the body of all people ordained for religious duties
Humanism - a belief stressing the value and potential of humans
Scholars reached back to Greek and Roman philosophers .
Scholars instigated a new intellectual movement known as humanism
Complaints against the church
Papal Schism- a time when two popes ruled between 1378-1417.
Impeached- to call into question the integrity/validity of something.
Phillip IV persuaded the new pope to move the headquarters to France.
In 1417, a council agreed to kick out the popes of France and Rome and replaced them with one in Rome
Bishop- senior member of christian clergy
Bishopric- the district under a bishops control; a diocese
Cardinal- nominated by pope to elect succeeding popes.
Temporal Power- political influence
Simony- The selling of church offices
noble families funded bishoprics and demanded their interest be served
popes lived more like kings and charged high taxes to support their projects.
Indulgence- at first a way to support the crusades, they became known as a document that proved forgiveness of sins.
Purgatory- place or state of suffering for sinners before entering heaven
Indulgences became a way for the church to raise money.
St. Peters basilica was rebuilt using indulgences that claimed forgiveness for sins not yet committed.
What is an example of an influence the new merchants had?
Why did citizens dislike high taxes for the church but later paid indulgences?
What is one example of when a pope waged war?
Why must the papacy be centered in Rome?
When was St. Peters Basilica rebuilt?