Marlem Cuautla Rivera Period 1 Aztec an
Marlem Cuautla Rivera Period 1
Tenochtitlan was five miles square, and surrounded by Lake Texcoco.
The city had three great causeways or roads above the lake.
Tenochtitlan's water management was also impressive with large canals criss-crossing the city which was itself surrounded by Chinampas.
Bridges could be raised to prevent enemies from going into the city.
Tenochtitlan was a huge trading centre with goods flowing in and out such as gold, greenstone, turquoise, cotton, tools, and weapons ect.
The fourth side of the city is a high mountain.
Machu Picchu was built as the royal estate for the ninth Inca King, Pachacuti.
Three sides of the city are surrounded by cliffs that drop over 1,400 feet to the Urubamba River
Only around 1,000 people live there.
Machu Picchu sits 8,000 feet above sea level atop a mountain in the Andes Mountains range in Southern Peru.
Wife would work at home cooking food for the family and weaving cloth for the family's clothes.
Kids attended schools or helped out around the house.
Wealthy people lived in homes made of stone or sun dried brick.
Poor people lived in smaller one or two room huts that had thatched roof made from palm leaves.
Husbands worked on a job outside of home as a farmer, warrior, or craftsmen.
Women wore long skirts and blouses.
Poor people generally wove their own cloth and made their own clothing.
Aztec men wore loincloths and long capes.
Only nobles could wear clothing decorated with feathers.
Only the emperor could wear a turquoise colored cloak.
The most valued food was the cocoa bean used to make chocolate.
The Aztecs ground the maize into flour to make tortillas.
Aztecs ate a variety of foods such as insects, fish, honey, dogs, and snakes.
Other important food sources of the Aztecs were avocados, tomatoes, tamales, tortillas, vegetables, meat, corn, chili peppers, squash, and chocolate.
Maize (yellow corn) was the main food source of the Aztecs.
Fall of Inca
Francisco Pizarro killed Atahualpa.
After the Incas provided Pizarro with the silver and gold , Pizarro had Atahualpa killed.
Francisco Pizarro is from Spain
He heard stories of the riches of the New World and wanted to travel there and find his own fortune.
Many people were sick from diseases brought by the Spanish such as smallpox.
Both men and woman would wear capes or ponchos to keep them warm during the winter.
The peasants and the nobles wore similar fashions.
Woman wore long dresses.
Clothing of the rich was made from finer cloth and was more decorated.
Men wore long sleeveless shirts.
There was very little furniture in the homes, just some baskets for storing things, thin mats to sleep on, and a stove.
Only the wealthy children could go to school.
The homes were mostly single story with one room.
Peasant children began to work when they were still young and only learned the craft or skill that would be their jobs for the rest of their lives.
Most of the people lived in adobe brick homes with thatched roofs.
The people ate well and were taken care of.
They ate other things as well including tomatoes, peppers, fish, and ducks.
What they ate also depended a lot on where they lived.
Corn, squash, and beans were the main staples of their diet.
If someone couldn't work or was too old to work on the fields, the government took care of them and made sure they had enough food.
Fall of Aztec
Cortes heard of Christopher Columbus' discoveries in the new world. He wanted to travel there and see new lands. He also wanted to make his fortune and fame.
Hernan Cortes is from Spain.
He laid siege to the city and eventually conquered the city and with it the Aztec Empire.
Cortes soon returned to Tenochtitlan with a large army of his allies, the Tlaxcala.
There were also bridges built into the causeways that allowed small boats and canoes to travel under them.
These bridges could be removed when the city was being attacked.
There were three major causeways that led from the island to the mainland.
A causeway is a raised road that allowed people to easily travel over the swampy an wet areas.
Canals allowed travel by canoe to many parts of the city.
The city was well planned and laid out in a grid that made traveling around the city easy.
The canals acted like water roads that allowed people to easily travel around the city with boats.
The city of Cuzco was a place for nobles to live during the Inca Empire.
The most important person that lived in Cuzco was the emperor, or Sapa Inca. He lived in a huge palace with his family and queen, the Coya.
It sits high in the mountains at an elevation 11,100 feet above sea level.
The most important building in Cuzco was the emperor's palace.
Cuzco is located in the Andes Mountains of what is today Southern Peru.