Katlin Van, Period 1, 2-1-17. Aztec & Inca
Katlin Van, Period 1, 2-1-17. Aztec & Inca
At the heart of the city was a large sacred precinct dominated by the huge pyramid, known as the Temple Mayor.
The cite now that is mexico city is excavated and has yielded some of the greatest treasures of Aztec art such as the celebrated Sun Stone
The founding of the state was in 1345 and it remained the most important Aztec century until its destruction at the hands of the conquering Spanish
The city fell due to the Spanish and is in ruins but still holds other objects and art
Tenochtitlan is located on an island near the western shore of Lake Texcoco in central Mexico
Fall of the Aztec Empire
The Aztec welcomed the Spanish thinking he was an important god of some sort
The Aztec emperor was known to be killed by a rock
The Aztec were defeated by and mostly from the small pox and other deseases
The spanish was led byHernán Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger captured the emperor Cuauhtemoc
The Spanish campaign began in February 1519, and was declared victorious on August 13, 1521
the area was 5.019 miles or larger
was built in Peru at south america
was built in the 15th century
the elevation is 7,972
Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel set high in the Andes Mountains in Peru, above the Urubamba River valley
Meat was not a prominent part of the Aztec diet
The Aztec grew all sorts of fruit and veggie, so it would provide a lot of nutrients and viatamens
The corn meal dough was often combined with beans and vegetable wrapped up in corn husks called tamales
Beans in Aztec was used in all sorts of food
Aztec people eat corn on a cob and use the kernels in soup, called pozole
Aztec gods are noticed and worshiped by many Aztec people that sacrifice to the gods
During ball games the loser/winner would be sacrificed to the gods since aztec people think it would be a honor to
Priests that do the sacrifices do not bathe and cannot cut their hair, they are usually seen with long matted hair covered in dried blood
It is known that the Aztec sacrificed hundreds or thousands of victims/humans each year
The Aztec believed that they owed everything to the gods who created themselves as well as the world around them.
The poor wore clothes made of maguey fibres
Slaves outfit does not contain sleeves at all
Nobles dressed in brightly colored cotton clothes decorated in gold and feathers.
Men would wear lion cloth cape and a ear plug, their parts are covered in cloth also
Aztec women wore sleeveless blouses and wraparound skirts.
Officials wore knee-length tunics adorned with pictures and symbols depicting their standing. The poorest members of the society wore plain clothing.
The ruler of the Inca wore a hat made of gold, an embroidered tunic covered in jewels, slippers made of fur or cloth, and a translucent cloth over his face.
Women wore ankle length skirts, shoes made of grass and other garments constructed from llama, alpaca or vicuña wool.
Wealthy Incas wore clothing made from baby alpaca fur called cumbi and llawt'u, which were a series of decorative cords they wrapped around the head. Some llawt'u were woven from vampire bat hair.
Men of lower rank wore plain knee-length tunics, grass shoes or sandals made from leather, headbands, and the headdress worn by their particular family.
Children were selected as sacrificial victims as they were considered to be the purest of beings.
Children were sacrificed on or durring special occasions
When the Incas sacrificed kids they would fatten them up give them vibrant cloths and then sacrificed
It was known that sacrifices were made for the gods to thank them for the land and for help when they are in need
Just like the Aztecs the Incas also sacrificed to the gods
They drank llama milk and water
The Inca ate potatoes and corn
while the very poor ate guinea pigs
Pichberries were eaten as fruits
Meat came from llamas and alpacas
Fall Of Inca
The Incas was also infected by the small pox which wiped out most of their population
The leader of the Spanish was Francisco Pizarro
the emperor was kidnapped killed due to a false bet by the Spanish
Water was hard to access since they were in a middle of the lake and salt water was bad for them
Aztec had to deal with waste when cleaning out the water.
The Aztecs had to bring water to the city using aqueducts.
Sewage pips or systems took along time to build especially with the tools that they do not have
A lot of waste counting urine and other stuff that is cleans out gets to be used for fertilizer
The area where the Aztecs lived was not originally large enough to produce adequate food for the population.
Aztec people use chinampas for farming
Farms are built on top of water to save space for houses
Chinampas is a farmland that is built with sticks and mud also fertilizer
Most farmlands are made of chinampas which helps give nutrients or fertilizer to the plants that are planted in the chinampas
water were used and produced by mountain waters or springs
the lowest fountain was a private one at a temple
sewer ways in the Incas were very complex an hard to build due to the tools
Inca engineering were planning the water ways before the city
The canal descends the mountain slope, enters the city walls, passes through the agricultural sector, then crosses the inner wall into the urban sector, where it feeds a series of 16 fountains known as the stairway of fountains
also helps keep the building up top from toppling over so the terraces were used as support
many farms were able to grow due to the minerals the mountains contains
terraces were built to keep the mountains from eroding and falling
sometimes when farms are made at the top of the mountains the plants wont survive due to temperature
Farms were built at the sides of the mountains as terraces