Raul Vega 1st period Aztec and Inca (tenochitlan (mexico Tenochtitlan,…
Raul Vega 1st period Aztec and Inca
mexico Tenochtitlan, commonly known as Tenochtitlan was a Mexica located on an island it was built by the really creative aztecs
At its peak it was the largest city in the Pre-Columbian Americas. It subsequently became a cabecera of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Today the ruins of Tenochtitlan are located in Mexico City's downtown.
Two double aqueducts, each more than 4 km (2.5 mi) long and made of terracotta, provided the city with fresh water from the springs at Chapultepec.
Tenochtitlan covered an estimated 8 to 13.5 km2 (3.1 to 5.2 sq mi), situated on the western side of the shallow Lake Texcoco.
When we saw so many cities and villages built in the water and other great towns on dry land we were amazed and said that it was like the enchantments (...) on account of the great towers and cues and buildings rising from the water, and all built of masonry.
Aztec architecture relied heavily on cosmology, astronomy and religion, their massive cities reflected their beliefs and it’s an important key in understanding their history and culture, and how this affect their buildings and constructions
The powerful and dominant temples were of course the masterpieces of the Aztec empire but there is much more to Aztec architecture than just these mighty temples.
Aztec architecture was simple and elegant, bold and powerful, and it mixed colors and symbols that helped created a unique style.
Fall of Aztec empire
The Spanish went on to Cholula. It's unclear what happened, but in the end many people in the city were killed by the Spanish.
Cortes returns to the coast to defeat a rival Spanish army. The remaining soldiers join him.
The Aztecs revolt, driving the Spanish from the city. Cuitláhuac becomes emperor.
The Spanish go to Tlaxcala and make an alliance with them.
1519 (Nov 8): Cortes and army arrives at Tenochtitlán, and begin on good terms. However, Cortes takes charge and demands tribute and some Roman Catholic shrines to replace the Aztec gods.
Cortes sinks all the ships except one small vessel, and moves to the city-state of Tlaxcala. Generally speaking they begin on friendly terms.
1519 (March 4): The Spaniards land in what is now Veracruz. The natives greet him with gifts. A contingent from Tenochtitlán also arrives with gifts. Cortes showed force and demonstrated his canons, terrifying the messengers.
ullamalizti the famous Aztec ball game, was played on a tlachitl
polytheistic- worships many gods sun, death, corn, Rain
The Republic of Mexico and its capital, Mexico City, derive their names from the word "Mexica".
The Mexica people of the Aztec empire had compulsory education for everyone, regardless of gender or class.
Aztec culture was a rich combination of the cultures of the peoples that made up the Aztec empire, including the Mexicas.
fall of inca
For example children over five years of age had the responsibility of carrying water up to the fields where grown-ups were growing crops.
Even the physically and mentally disabled were given daily tasks that were attuned to their capabilities.
Every Inca citizen was assigned a very strict task in life, connected to their age, gender and social position.
By letting this substance ferment the Inca made their own special corn beer called Chicha which they drank on festive occasions.
The Inca empire developed between 1400 and 1500 AD in an area which is now Peru. Before the 15th century the Andean region was populated by many different tribes of people.