The Catholic Church- Changes and Complaints (Questions (Why didn't…
The Catholic Church- Changes and Complaints
Changes Affecting the Church
Disruption of Class System
Clergy, nobility , and peasants.
With trade, many townsfolk found great amounts of wealth.
Disrupted society's general flow.
Clergy: all people ordained for religious duties.
Had to reevaluate role in world with Americas discovered.
Trade helped expand wealth.
City growth and a new class of merchants.
Humanism: the human mind is a great force for change and improvement.
Scholars turned to Greek and Roman philosophers for inspiration.
Humanism was a new cultural movement.
Why didn't more people stand up to the church like Martin Luther?
Why did scholars go back to Greek and Roman teachings?
How did there get to be two popes at the same time?
How was the Roman Catholic Church able to place so many taxes on the people?
How did slaves fit into the class system?
Complaints Against the Church
Problems with Popes
A Pope was chosen and placed in France.
Another was placed in Rome , then kicked out for being moody.
Both kicked out and only one new was placed in Rome. Not much faith in Pope.
Impeached: to be accused of misconduct in public office.
Papal Schism: a rift in the Catholic Church, lasted from 1378-1417
Church leaders' positions were determined by money.
Lived like kings instead of spiritual leaders.
Popes started to also gain political power.
Bishop: senior member of clergy, in charge of conferring holy orders.
Bishopric: the office or rank of bishop.
Cardinal : nominated by Pope in charge of forming Sacred College, elects next pope.
Temporal Power: the power of a bishop in secular matters.
Simony: the buying or selling of pardons or benefices.
Nepotism: the practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs.
Helped to get the Church more money.
"Helped forgive sins" that weren't even yet committed.
One of the main problems during the Reformation.
Indulgence: a grant by the Pope to "forgive sins."
Purgatory: a place for holding sinners who are trying to get their sins forgiven.