Luis Resendiz Aztec
Luis Resendiz Aztec
Fall of the Aztec
he came to the new world to see what material was in the new world but instead he found the Aztec
When he came to conquer the Aztec he and the Aztec didn't know that they brought a disease called smallpox that killed thousands of Aztec
Spanish conquistador is Hernan Cortes live in Spain the purpose of conquering is to get more land for his leader in Spain after conquering the Aztec Cortes died a few years later by lung cancer called Pleurisy
Leader is Montezuma II he welcomed cortes because he thought that Cortes was a god to them that he will bring peace and Cortes captured Montezuma II and die from a boulder that fell on him
The columbine exchange impacted the Aztec because they are trading animals like horses Guinea pigs food like sugar cane kola nut and technology like wheels sewage pipes
About 5.000 people must have worked to build Machu Picchu But it could only accommodate 750 - 1.000 inhabitants. Strangely there were only about 200 - 250 skeletons found
American archaeologist, Gary Ziegler says that Machu Picchu was a religious sanctuary of the Incas and the even at the time of its completion, it was kept secret from other Incas as well.
It took along time to build the city
Heavy granite stones are the primary materials.
Extremely hard to cut, even with today's technology.Granite cutting is a difficult operation even with modern equipment and can take hours to cut.
The city is situated 2.450 m (8.038 ft) above sea level in the Peruvian Andes. In an area known as the Vilcabamba, once densely covered in forests and full of poisonous snakes.
Culture of the Aztec
wile the Aztec were conquering there are was following them
The common people were not generally allowed to even own works of art.
Few of the local languages actually had a word for "art".
much of the materials used were imported from other peoples.
Art in the Aztec empire, like its culture and religion, came from a long history - a history of many different tribes. Techniques and themes in Aztec art were influenced by hundreds, perhaps thousands of years of artistry in this part of the world.
one game is like soccer but you cant use your hands or your legs only your hips and knees
The ball court was one of the first things built in the aztec
Anything that tested skill and endurance was popular.
The ball game is called Ullamaliztli
Patolli is actually a type of board game, which was played by the common people as well as the nobles
It was a game of chance and skill, played on a board shaped like a cross. Players would bet precious metals and stones, plants, or even themselves on the outcome of the game.
The Aztec calendar is a sun stone it was carved with
that must have token a long time since it is carved with solidified lava
here is the sun stone also know as the calendar stone
there are more then 1 calendar name there are 2 calendar
here is one calendar name The Xiuhpohualli
is The first calendar of the Aztec people was called the xiuhpohualli, the counting of years
The other is called The Tonalpohualli
Though both calendars inter-relate in religion and ceremony, it's the tonalpohualli that is considered the sacred calendar
here is the Aztec ceremonial knife**
Fall of the Incas
Most of the materiel Pizarro brought with him the Inca didn't know they existed
Pizarro said that if Atahualpa brought gold & one piece of silver that will fill one room he will let him go but instead he executes him
Spanish conquistador is Francisco Pizarro lives in Spain too the purpose was to conquer more land for his leader in Spain
Leader is Atahualpa
Culture of the Incas
Crops cultivated across the Inca Empire included maize, coca, beans, grains, potatoes, sweet potatoes, ulluco,
oca, mashwa, pepper, tomatoes, peanuts, cashews, squash, cucumber, quinoa, gourd, cotton, talwi, carob, chirimoya, lúcuma, guayabo, and avocado
Throughout the high-altitude areas of their empire where maize and quinoa would not grow, potatoes were the main crop.
There main source of food is potatoes and there were the first one to figure out about it
The Incas learned that if they rotated their potato fields regularly, they had healthier crops.
here is there alphabet [
Quechua first appeared in print in 1560 in the form of a dictionary by Domingo de Santo Tomás.
Sample text in Quechua
Tukuy kay pachaman paqarimujkuna libres nasekuntu tukuypunitaj kikin obligacionesniycjllataj, jinakamalla honorniyojtaj atiyniyojtaj, chantaqa razonwantaj concienciawantaj dotasqa kasqankurayku, kawsaqe masipura jina, tukuy uj munakuyllapi kawsakunanku tian.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Quechua was the language of the Inca empire which was destroyed by the Spanish in the 16th century
Quechua is an Amerind language with about 8 million people in Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Argentina.
THIS IS THE ONE USED TO MARK THE DAYS OF THE ALL FESTIVALS. SINCE THIS CALENDAR WAS BASED ON MOON IT HAD ONLY 328 DAYS.
WHICH MEANT TWELVE MONTHS OF 27,33 DAYS. SINCE LUNAR MONTH IS ACTUALLY 28 DAYS LONG, SO IT MATCHES WITH THE LUNAR MONTHS.
There are 12 month but different names
There are 365 days in a year its the same days as ours
there are 2 calender's one is a solar calendar or day time calendar, and the other one is lunar calendar or night time calendar.
were staked out on the lake bed. A fence was woven between the stakes, and the area would be filled in with mud and vegetation.
They were about 30 meters by 2.5 meters
Chinampas weren't the only type of farming that was used. There were crops on the mainland, as well as gardens, both small personal gardens and large experimental gardens.
Chinampas and other forms of Aztec agriculture actually come from the days before the Aztec empire. Chinampas farming was begun in Xochimilco and Chalco,
was probably quickly adapted by the Aztecs as these people became part of the empire. Aztec farming encompasses thousands of years of farming expertise.
information from were i got it from [
Another temple is the Pyramids of the Sun and Moon (Tenochtitlan) the Height is 65m/215ft (sun) 42m/138ft (moon)
The gods: Tlaloc and Chauvinistically (or the Sun and the Moon)
The pyramid of the sun is the 3rd largest in the world
Covering: At their peak, it's believed the pyramids were plastered and painted bright red
Some monuments would be made to specific gods. Some were built for specific celebrations. The buildings probably associate with the Aztec religion are the great pyramids.
The Templo Mayor is 60meters high or 197 feet high the gods are Huitzilopotchli and Tlaloc and its a double temple it was finished in 1497 they used stone and covered it whith stucco and poly-chrome paint
Tenochtitlan was not originally built by the Aztecs. In fact, it's height of power had been almost 1000 years earlier, and may have been built another 1000 years or more before that. The Mexica were in awe of the ancient people and their city, although they knew very little about it. They believed this to be the birthplace of the most recent creation, where the new sun had been born.
by using a parallelogram to trace the shape of the hole onto the stone still on the ground, but no one has found evidence of such tools.
The workers would:
place the stone to be cut on the ground, face-up;
place sticks and clay in the opening in the wall, and create a form identical to the opening;
place the form horizontally over of the stone to be cut;
use a weighed string (plum bob) to trace the shape of the opening onto the stone;
by lifting up, mid-air, the stone to be cut up next to the hole in the wall, and work on it while suspended
carve the perimeter of the stone;
use the plum bob to confirm that the stone was shaped exactly like the form, and hence the opening;
rotate the stone 90°, lift it, and shove it into place.
by repeated lifts, which is doable, but very inefficient and prone to over cutting (and we don't see any examples of over cutting)
The first challenge the Inca faced was how to bring water from a pair of rain-fed springs almost half a mile away from the first fountain.
The canal also collected water from a second, smaller spring.
The fountains supplied the city's inhabitants with clean, fresh water.
At the main spring, Inca engineers built a 48-foot long permeable wall that concentrated the seeping water into a stone-lined canal
Water flowed to the city through the canal, which averaged five inches wide and five inches deep, and had an average grade of about 3 percent.