Catholic Church Changes and Complaints (Questions (How many people…
Catholic Church Changes and Complaints
Columbus, Magellan, and others found new worlds and continents to explore.
The church and Europe then had to re-evaluate their view of the outside world.
Believed themselves to be only continent besides Asia and Africa.
People started to become rich thanks to trade and other means of business.
This new found wealth gave these people great influence in society.
Society had been composed of three classes the nobility, clergy, and the peasants.
Clergy-Priests and other ordained leaders of the church.
Humanism-the belief that the human intellect is a powerful force for change and improvement.
Scholars began continuing work of Greek and Roman philosophers.
Philosophy centered around human intellect being a powerful force for change and improvement.
Spirit of the Renaissance spread through Europe.
They were also angered at the high taxes charged by bishops.
The bishops and pope lived more like kings than spiritual leaders.
Noble families began buying church offices and demanded that they get what they want.
Simony- the selling of church offices.
Cardinal- high ranking member of the church, they are nominated for and vote for pope.
Temporal power- political power
Bishopric- the office of bishop, or the area over which the bishop has control.
Nepotism- favoritism based on family relationships.
Bishop- a senior member of a church that controls a certain area.
Problems with Popes
From 1378-1417 two popes claimed control of the catholic church.
A french pope moved his headquarters to France, but the next pope moved back to Rome but was "impeached" because he was so moody. The french ruling family then selected another pope and he moved back to France.
Papal Schism- a period of time when two pope were ruling.
Both continued to act like pope until a council kicked both out of office and placed a new pope in.
Impeached- to charge with a crime, or to charge someone with misconduct.
Indulgences- an indulgence is a document that offered release to all sins, past and future.
Many were sold during the Crusades as a way for those who did not go to fight to help out the church.
The indulgence to rebuild St. Peter's Basilica said that it clear all sins present and future, this so enraged Martin Luther that he broke away from the church.
In its original form an indulgence did not forgive sins.
Purgatory- an intermediate state after death in which one must be purified before going to heaven.
How many people followed Martin Luther?
How many popes were bought by royal families?
How much would the office of pope usually cost?
What was the makeup of the Pope's army, and how was it formed?
How many people were so upset that they tried to assassinate the Pope?