The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints (Questions (what things did…
The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints
Changes Affecting the Chuch
Europeans believed that they were the center of a small compact world
trade stimulated by these explorations meant increasing wealth for many
The cities grew and made a new class of merchants
the spirit of the Renaissance swept across Europe
philosophy was centered in the belief that the human intellect was a powerful force for change and improvement
scholars reached back to Greek and Roman philosophers
Humanism-outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters.
Distribution of Class Systems
a new class of towns people were eager to capitalize on the opportunities
medieval society had been comprised of 3 classes clergy, nobility, and peasants
there new riches gave them infuence
Clergy-the body of all people ordained for religious duties, especially in the Christian Church.
Complaints Against the Church
offices sold to the highest bidder
people unhappy with the higher taxes to support the pope
popes and cardinals lived more like kings than spiritual leaders
papal schism- three men claimed to be the true pope
impeach-call into question the integrity or validity of
used to help build the Saint Peters Basilica
used as a way to pay for forgiveness
a way the church raised money
indulgence-a grant by the pope of remission of the temporal punishment in purgatory still due for sins
purgatory- place or state of suffering inhabited by the souls of sinners who are expiating their sins before going to heaven
Problems with Popes
from 1378-1417 to popes were the leader of the church
in 1417 a council agreed ton a candidate all the others were kicked out
pope Urban VI was I'm peached for being moody
cardinal-cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical leader
temporal power-the power of a bishop or cleric, especially the pope, in secular matters
simony-the buying or selling of ecclesiastical privileges
nepotism-the practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs
bishopric-the office or rank of a bishop
bishop-ordained minister who holds the fullness of the sacrament of holy orders
what things did Pope Urban VI do that made him moody?
what did Popes need armies?
with the indulgences did the popes use the money for any thing else?
who was chosen as the new pope after the papal schism?
why did the Europeans reach back and look at the Greek and Roman philosophers and writers?