The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints (Vocabulary (Clergy: followed…
The Catholic Church: Changes and Complaints
Complaints Against the Church
Problems with Popes
Urban VI was impeached in France because of his attitude but still ruled in Rome.
Council agreed on a compromise candidate in 1417.
Two Popes claimed leadership of the Church from 1378-1417.
First sold during the Crusades to support who went to fight themselves.
Were a way of freeing yourself from suffering in purgatory.
Indulgences helped the Church raise money to support the Pope's projects.
High taxes charged by the bishops made people upset because the taxes went to the Pope's projects.
Popes commanded armies, made political alliances and enemies, and waged war.
Clergy became corrupt and noble families paid for bishoprics.
Changes Affecting the Church
Columbus, Magellan, and others' explorations proved this world was bigger than Europeans thought.
Increased wealth, growth of cities, and a new class of merchants were stimulated by the explorations.
Europeans believed they were the center of Europe, Africa, and Asia.
New cultural and intellectual movement known as Humanism was introduced.
Believed that human intellect was a powerful force for improvement and change
Scholars looked back to the work of philosophers and writers.
Disruption of Class System
A new class of townspeople rose with the increase of trade.
They influenced the power structure of society because of their riches.
Medieval society had three classes, the clergy, the nobility, and the peasants.
Have any Popes caused conflict when they claimed leadership of the Church?
Where did the townspeople fit in the classes of society?
How did the Church come up with the idea of indulgences?
What was introduced because of Humanism?
Besides St. Peter's Basilica, what other projects did the taxes go to?
followed Pope in order of rank, included bishops, priests, monks, and nuns
reintroduced interest in ancient Greece and Rome through the Renaissance cultural movement
intermediate state after physical death
the buying or selling of ecclesiastical privileges
practice of favoring relatives or friends because of power
split within the Catholic Church from 1378 to 1417
call into question the integrity or validity
office of a bishop
ordained bishop of the Roman Catholic Church
the act of fact of indulging(allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of
senior member of the Christian clergy
power of a bishop or cleric