RESISTANCE TO GLOBALISATION (Barrick Gold Corporation (Community leaders…
RESISTANCE TO GLOBALISATION
COCHABAMBA RIOTS 2002
Resistance to neoliberal globalisation, in the form of opposition to the transfer of public services to TNCs. In particular the consesion of water services to the Bechtel water utility company.
Cochabamba Water War
"the South American country’s government so badly mismanaged a local dispute over water it escalated into the first water war of the 21st century and eventually helped lead to the overthrow of an entire political order."- the times
One person died and an estimated 25 were injured, including some with bullet wounds.
Trade union leaders said one demonstrator had been shot and killed in La Huachaca, some 180km south of the capital La Paz, and three others injured.
Víctor Hugo Daza a seventeen-year-old student, had been shot in the face by the Army during protests sparked by an increase in local water rates. Became a martyr
Bechtel's pursuit of $25 million in damages for breach of Aguas del Tunari's water,
Bechtel's revenues in 2000 exceeded $14 billion, while Bolivia's national budget is $2.7 billion.
Aguas del Tunari, the consortium led by International Water Ltd., against the Republic of Bolivia is officially registered with the World Bank's International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID).
Amidst all the accusations as to who or what was at fault (Bolivian corruption, excessive water consumption, and so forth)
Barrick Gold Corporation
Community leaders in Chile and Papua New Guinea confronting Barrick Gold at the annual general meeting in Toronto
Resistance of indigenous populations in Chile's Huasco Valley due to the confusing and manipulative nature of the company. Barrick continued with operations without full support from the community.
thousands of people march through the streets of Vallenar
Environmentalists oppose mining operations due to water depletion (large amounts of water required, acid mine drainage, and cyanide spills)
Largest mining company in the world. Headquarters in Ontario, Canada. Mines gold, silver, and copper in 10 countries around the world.
- website that is legit dedicated to protesting against this company.
Hundreds of cases of rape and human rights abuses reported
Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA)
raised opposition to the trade project accentuating differences between governments
vocal critic: Hugo Chavez: described it as a "tool of imperialism" for the exploitation of Latin American countries
Would have created the largest 'free trade zone' in the world - comprising 34 countries and 800 million people
talks halted in 2005
26 countries pledged to meet again in 2006 but never happened
National coalitions have united into a Hemispheric Social Alliance which coordinates regular actions, campaigns and strategy meetings. They have mobilised a continental campaign against the FTAA
Coalitions e.g. AFL - CIO has put significant educational resources into its anti- FTAA campaign
Brazilian social movements including the national labour federation organised a public vote in 2001 whereby more than 98% people rejected the FTAA
Cancun WTO Demonstrations
Sept 10. A South Korean farmer, Kun Hai Lee, committed ritual suicide during the WTO's opening day to protest the organization's agricultural policies.
Resistance to neoliberal globalisation