Governor Generals of India (Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856) (Opened the first…
Governor Generals of India
Lord William Bentinck (1828-1835)
Carried out the social reforms like Prohibition of Sati (1829) and Elimination of Thuggi (1830)
Made English the medium of higher education in the country (after the recommendations of Macaulay)
Suppressed female infanticide and child sacrifice.
Charter Act 1833 was passed, made him the First Governor of India. Before him, the designation was Governor General of Bengal.
Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835-1836)
Abolished all restrictions on vernacular press (called Liberator of the Press)
Lord Auckland (1836-1842)
The most important event of his reign was the first Afghan War, which proved to be a disaster for the English.
Lord Ellenborough (1842-1844)
Lord Hardinge I (1844-1848)
Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856)
Opened the first Indian Railway in 1853 (From Bombay to Thane)
Laid out the telegraph lines in 1853 (First was From Calcutta to Agra)
Introduced the Doctrine of Lapse and captured Satara (1848), Jaipur and Sambhalpur (1849), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853) and Nagpur (1854)
Established the postal system on the modern lines through the length and breadth of the country, which mode communication easier.
Started the Public Works Department. Many bridges were constructed and work on Grand Trunk Road was started. The harbors of Karachi, Bombay and Calcutta were also developed
Made Shimla the summer capital
Started Engineering College at Roorkee
Encouraged science, forestry, commerce, mineralogy and industry
In 1854, ‘Wood’s Dispatch’ was passed, which provided for the properly articulated system of education from the primary school to the university.
Due to Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s efforts, remarriage of window was legalized by Window Remarriage Act, 1856