Governor Generals of Bengal (Warren Hastings (1772-1785) (First Governor…
Governor Generals of Bengal
Warren Hastings (1772-1785)
First Governor General of Bengal
Brought the Dual Government of Bengal to an end by the Regulating Act, 1773
Deprived Zamindars of their judicial power and Civil and Criminal court were established
Maintenance of records was made compulsory.
Great patron of oriental learning founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal with William Jones in 1784. He wrote introduction to the English translation of ‘The Gita’ by Charles Wilkins.
Impeachment proceedings started against him when he returned on the charges of taking bribes. After a trial of 7 years, he was finally acquitted.
Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793)
Permanent Settlement of Bengal
First person to codify laws. The code separated the revenue administration from the administration of Justice.
Police Reforms: Each district was divided into 400 sq. miles and placed under a police superintendent.
The civil service was brought into existence.
Sir John Shore (1793-1798)
Lord Wellesley (1798-1805)
Adopted the policy of Subsidiary Alliance- a system to keep the Indian rulers under control and to make the British the paramount power.
The states that accepted this policy were the Nizam of Hyderabad, the ruler of Mysore, the Raja of Tanjore, the Nawab at Awadh, the Peshwa, the Bhonsle Raja of Berar, the Scindia, the Rajputs of Jodhpur, Jaipur, etc.
George Barlow (1805-1807)
Lord Minto 1 (1807-1813)
Concluded the treaty of Amritsar with Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1809)
Charter Act 1813 was passed
Lord Hastings (1813-1823)
Lord Amherst (1823-1828)