Key principles in the Constitution
Checks and Balances
Helps to keep each branch of government equal so one branch doesn't have much power
Separation of Power
Rule Of Law
Parts of the Constitution
The duties that individual states have to each other, as well as those the federal government has to the states. Full Faith and Credit Clause and ensures the recognition of legislative acts, public records, and judicial decisions of the other states within the US. It also prevents people from moving to another state to escape enforcement of a judgment.
Constitutional Amendments:US Constitution can be changed. Amendments (changes or addition) have to be passed by a two-thirds majority in both houses of the legislature. The amendment must then be ratified by three-fourths of states. and then by the states.
the Judiciary which deals with the courts and judges and establishes the Supreme Court as the highest court in the US. It defines the terms of and payments of judges, in both the Supreme Court and lower courts. It also covers appeals and guarantees trial by jury in criminal court. The crime of treason is addressed. The definition, trials and punishment for treason. It makes it clear that the crime of treason must not extend to punishing the family or heirs or taking the property of the traitor.
Supremacy, Debts and Oaths. It establishes the Constitution as the supreme law of the US. and that Public officials must take an oath to support it. It also authorizes the national debt, meaning that Congress can borrow money.
Executive branch of the US government and the election, powers and responsibilities of the President. The presidential powers include the right to pardon people and delay executions. The presidential duties include recommending taxes and laws. This article also details the process of impeachment in which any Public Officials can be impeached for treason, bribery or other serious crimes. Accusations of impeachment are made from the House of Representatives and impeachment trials are conducted in the Senate.
Ratification of the US Constitution. It states that when 9 states approve of the Constitution in their conventions, then the Constitution shall be set up as the government for the states that have ratified (approved) it.
Establishes the legislative Branch and sets the rules for what the senate and house of representatives can do in the government
Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise)
Idea of proportional representation in the lower house (House of Representatives) and equal representation of the states in the upper house (Senate). Decide on two chambers of Congress
Every five slaves would be counted as three individuals in terms of apportionment of representation and taxes
New Jersey Plan
Also known as the Small state plan. 11 resolutions as an alternative to the Virginia Plan. Proposed by delegates from the small states consisting of New Jersey, Connecticut, New York, and Delaware. Detailed a legislature of only one house and featured equal representation in which each state had the same number of representatives.Goal was for smaller states to have the same level of power in the legislature as the large states. Separate Powers with three Branches
Slave Trade Compromise
Resolved the controversial issue of Commerce relating to the Slave Trade that emerged at the Constitutional Convention.The states in the North wanted Congress to have power to regulate commerce. But the states in the South opposed this power because they feared Congress would use its authority to end to the slave trade. A compromise was reached by stating that Congress could not prohibit the slave trade until 1808, but imported slaves could be taxed.
Structure of Government to the Constitutional Convention. Form of Fifthteen resolutions that explain why the Articles of Confederation should be radically altered. Also contained plans for a strong National Government that could tax and enforce laws. The Plan was based on a system of National and State government with Separate powers consisting of three branches Representation was based upon population
Consists of 538 electors.Political parties nominate Electors at their State party conventions or the vote of the party's central committee in each State. Each state's entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of Representatives plus two for the Senators.
While there are two ways, only one has ever been used. All 27 Amendments have been ratified after two-thirds of the House and Senate approve of the proposal and send it to the states for a vote. Then, three-fourths of the states must affirm the proposed Amendment.
Gives us our basic rights as a citizen of the united states and any power not alloted to the government is then given to the individual states
There are 27 amendments
Federalist vs. Antifederalist