Early Christian Ireland (History) (Monastries (High walls to keep out…
Early Christian Ireland (History)
First came to Ireland in 400-500AD to convert pagan Celts to christianity.
First priests - ST Patrick & Palladius (First bishop, 431AD)
Monastries were sites of prayer, learning, writing & study.
Eg. The one built by St. Enda in the Arron Islands in 490AD
High walls to keep out danger.
Sacred buildings - Church, Graveyard, round tower, Celtic crosses, Abbots cell.
was the head of the monastry.
Non sacred - Infirmary, refectory.
They slept in beehive structures called
Simple white tunics
Coarse, undyed wool as capes
- Bald patch on top of their head.
Ploughing, milking, and harvesting quorn.
Skills & Crafts
They were skilled craftsmen and metalworkers.
They made chalicesand other church vessels.
Made from gold and bronze.
Decorated with coloured glass, enamal and delicate filigree
The scribes would write and decorate beautiful manuscripts.
They're written on parchment or vellum
Decorated with celtic christian designs
Eg. Book of Kells, Trinity Collage, Dublin.
25-40 meters high.
Door is high above the ground.
There is 4 floors. At the top there is 4 windows. they face North, East, South, West.
Used as a bell tower to call monks to service. Also used for safety when vikings attack.
They spend most time in their beehive.
They were buried in the ground, or in stone cist graves.