modals of deduction (MODAL VERBS (may/might, will/would, can/could, should…
modals of deduction
(a desire to do something in the past which couldn't be fulfilled)
done it if I'd had enough time.
(when our expectations weren't fulfilled or for saying what was the right thing to do)
I'm late now!
thought of that before.
(a guess about a past action)
I cannot see him. He
missed the train.
moved to another department.
about the past or present
on past actions (e.g. to express irritation)
certainty that something happened or didn't happen
must / mustn't
There's nobody here. They
certainty that something didn't happen
left. His shift hasn't ended yet!
taken care of that.
modal + have + past participle
have told me the meeting is cancelled!
have yielded results earlier.
have won the contract.