Reactions are dependent on their personality, coping skills, parent-child relationship, sibling relationship, gender, age, amount of disharmony before the divorce, availability of others to help the parents cope, availability of role models.
Preschool age/school age: affects on self-concept, and self-blame. Heightened anxiety, aggression, and lack of trust.
Gender: Worse effects to boys than girls. (Trouble concentrating, marked aggression, difficulty with math, lower IQ). Girls: (whine and cry to get support, difficult romantic relationships, sexual activity, confrontation with mother).