The Mismatched Worker: When People Don’t Fit Their Jobs (Reasons for…
The Mismatched Worker: When People Don’t Fit Their Jobs
"Mismatches between the institutional struc- tures governing work (such as labor laws, work- place organization, and labor-management relations) and characteristics of the workforce (such as workers’ family responsibilities) generate poor fits between persons and jobs at the individ- ual level. Understanding how the dynamics of institutions and the labor force lead to mis- matches and their consequences is valuable for managers and policy makers as they seek to ad- dress issues related to human resources."
Reasons for mismatch:
Skills and qualifications, either over or under qualified
Stagnation of earnings over the years for middle class.
The working poor that still require governmental assistance.
Lack of benefits, specifically health insurance.
Mismatches are contextual
A teenager might feel a minimum wage job is enough, while an adult supporting a family does not have the same feelings. A mismatch on the job
Mismatches can be additive.
Big example is geographical, no jobs for ones skill set.
"One type of geographical mismatch occurs when jobs move from one area to another, leaving behind workers who neither are able to move nor have the skills to fill the jobs that remain in the area. This is illustrated by the shift of manufac- turing industries from the Midwest or Northeast regions of the United States to the South and West; “deindustrialization” was a prominent con- cern in the U.S. in the 1980s." TRUMP
Hollowing out of urban jobs as the jobs move outside the cities to the affluent, more skilled, laborers.
Over qualification: ONE IN FIVE US WORKERS
"A person who is really qualified for job Z must start at job X, a lower- level one, as that is the entry point to the orga- nization. Doing well in job X will lead to job Y, which may then lead to job Z — but the person is qualified for job Z all along and thus is overqual- ified in jobs X and Y."
This illustrates a “ceiling” effect: The more education people have, the less likely it is that their jobs will require more education than they have.
Employers not investing in proper training causes this. TRAIN . Follow the hiring/training guides.
Over working and under working employees, both negative.
Women are more likely to be overworked . Hmm, I wonder why?
Work-Family mismatched. Again , often for women.
How to improve the mismatch?
Better hiring process, don't leave it up to the marker to sort this out.
Fair social policies, similar to Scandinavian countries
Consequences: Dissatisfaction of job, leaving of job in search of better options.