Existence of implicit bias is beyond reasonable doubt (ten studies that no…
Existence of implicit bias is beyond reasonable doubt (ten studies that no manager should ignore)
Job Applicants for Interviews Rooth (2007)
Recruiters who favored Swedes over Arabs
less likely to offer job interviews to equally qualified Arabs
regardless of qualifications, biases can determine interview outcomes
Previous studies found that applicants with African American names were 50% less likely to receive interviews than European names (Betrand & Mullainathan (2004)
Verbal slurs, social exclusion Rudman & Ashmore (2007)
White students with higher implicit bias scores were more likely to engage in 'racist behavior'
Racial slurs, social exclusion, harm, budget cuts
Implicit biases could impact managers' decision making - perceived biases could impact financial and employment decisions of groups
Liking ratings (Mediator of Hiring Bias) Radman & Glick (2001)
Female applicants that were seen as confident and qualified were also disliked
Less likely to be recommended for hiring
Participants' implicit gender stereotyping predicted disliking
Implicit bias can impact hiring decisions
Shooting Decisions Plant & Peruche (2005)
Police officers more likely to 'shoot' unarmed black suspects
Bias was able to be overcome with practice
If other professionals recognize and practice against using biases, could this improve implicit bias?
Heart treatment recommendations Green et al. (2007)
Physicians implicit bias predicted disparities of treatment in different races
Recommended relatively easy treatment for white patients as opposed to black patients
Managers could implicitly recommend different courses of action for employees based on race?
Occupational stress, job satisfaction, turnover von Hippel et al. (2008)
Nurses who worked in rehab facilities and had implicit bias against drug users suffered from stress, lowered job satisfaction, and increased job turn over
Implicit biases can effect job performance
In turn stress and lowered job satisfaction could lead to greater turn over
Managers should be aware of potential biases as affecting org culture
Undecided Voters Arcuri et al (2008)
Undecided voters' in Italy decisions were determined by implicit candidate preferences
Recruiting committee members' implicit biases could determine hiring decisions before finalists are even interviewed
Reactivity to alcohol cues Palfai & Ostafin (2003)
Implicit attitudes of drinkers predicted heightened responses to presence of alcohol
Connection to HR?
Pedophilia & Other sex crimes Gray et al. (2005)
Pedophiles ' implicit associations between children and sex did not follow with other sex criminals
Can't use implicit biases as diagnostic tools
Self reported suicidality Nock & Banaji (2007)
Implicit associations correlated with actions (in this case adolescents and suicide)
Implicit associations can predict action - HR connection?