AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE
AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE
Scope and applications
What are the current open questions in this area?
Wat is the AOK about?
KNOWLEDGE = MAP
multiply / fragment (specialize)
join up (consilience)
Are there ethical considerations that limit the scope of inquiry?
What practical problems can be solved? What makes it important?
E.g. natural sciences - technology
What are the roles of the key concepts and key terms that provide the building blocks?
words with different meanings
e.g. motion = displacement // alteration
What metaphors are appropriate?
adopt language from other AOK
e.g. source = target
What role does it play in the accumulation of knowledge?
certain language register
cultural misunderstanding is inevitable
What is the role of conservation?
no connection between word and object
e.g. conventional current from positive to negative
What are the assumptions underlying these methods? What counts as a fact?
e.g. in geology present is the key to the past
What ethical thinking contains the methods used to gain knowledge?
norms for the natural and human sciences
What are the methods or procedures used and what is it about them that generates knowledge?
suitable method to investigate the question
How has the history of this area led to its current form?
Scientific breakthroughs sometimes come about from the establishment of new facts.
known knows vs. known unknowns
civilizations developed by various races are different (the West now dominates the rest)
What is the significance of the key points in the historical development?
normal science (shared beliefs with paradigms)
findings which aren't consistent -- revolutionary science
Links to personal language
What is the nature of contribution of individuals to this area?
IDEAL KNOWER: Stephen Jay Gould
theory of evolution version (punctuated equilibrium)
science and religion can exist
thinking in dichotomies (good/bad)
misunderstandings (interpretation of statistics)
ISLAMIC Golden Age (8th-13th century)
great civilization and declined