Ghana' youthful population (causes (2 factors determining the future…
Ghana' youthful population
2 factors determining the future economic growth prospect
1) growth in institutaional quality and growth in the working age share of the population.
this includes factors such as a strong rule of law, efficient bureaucracies, government stability, lack of corruption, and a stable business environment that encourages domestic and foreign investors.
2) A world bank study found that bossting economic growth in Africa would depend on four Is:
a) improving the investment climate
b) expanding infrastructure
c) harnessing new innovations
d) building institutional capacity
increased medical care
This means that due to the advance of midwifery and prenatal and maternal care which means that more babies survived than in the previous years.
As more and more people are more educated they see the need to
A) use birth controls/contraceptives and increased prenatal care
B) make an effort to stop birth mortality
Eventhough there is a cultural shift towards smaller families, more children survive and there is still a high existing pressure to have children from your family and peers
recent decades of high fertility
Give birth to 5.5 children per women- the highest in the region.
have greater impact on mortality rates on population size and growth, and they have been the driving force behind Africa's youthful population.
lower dependency burden as there are more working age adults relative to children under age 15
this causes a series of opportunities including: saving money on health care, social services, improve quality of education, increasing economic output, incest in modernization ( technology and skills) and create the wealth which is needed to support the future population
very high stress on the health services: half the hospital is taken up by childbirth and the other half is stressed by the disease malaria.
There is a lack of equipment, staff and funding, which means that the health services are starting to fail
drop in fertility can change age structure, affect economy and result in a bulge in the working age population
Disease rates could be high
this is because the government cannot afford to supply each child and in general children are more vulnerable.
Expand family planning
Increasing family planning in the disadvantaged areas will reduce unintended pregnancies and improve maternal and child health.
Prevent Early marriage
If women don't get married as early as they previously would have , the opportunity for them to contribute to society/economy opens up.
Women who marry early tend to have a greater number of children . Later marriage would cause the woman's reproductive years to be shorter resulting in less children.
Expand and increase enrollment in schools . Especially for women.In order to increase the overall quality of life which will in turn lower fertility rates
Increase the job market
Cutting down barriers that prohibit young people from beginning work . This causes the youthful to join the economically valuable work force
more funding and medical aid, as well as incentives for young people to go into the medical field of work
demographic divided: the bonus which comes from the young population and it only lasts a few decades at most
44% of the population is under 15 in 2006, sub saharan africa is the youngest region of the worls