IMPACTS of WW2 By Max Saalberg 1/15/17
IMPACTS of WW2 By Max Saalberg
The Japanese Invasion of China (1931)
The Second Sino-Japanese War began in 1937 when China launched all out resistance against Japanese influence within its territory. This came after Japanese influence had already begun to spread starting in 1931. The lasting impact of the war between China and Japan was the ignition of the Chinese Revolution. This revolution would alter come to be known as "the War of Chinese People's Resistance Against Aggression.
The German Invasion of Poland (1939)
German Blitzkrieg (1939-1940)
Germany began bombing Britain starting September 7th, 1939, with intermittent raids lasting until May 8th, 1940. Hitler launched the attack as a result of the realization that a land invasion was not strategically feasible. The bombings grew increasingly devastating as the Germans upped the level of their explosives and also incorporated incendiaries into their arsenal. The effects of the Blitzkrieg included British retaliation against Germany as well as civilian casualties ranging in the ten thousands. Additionally, this attack pushed Britain to develop underground shelters, where civilians would be safe from the attacks.
The German Invasion of Poland began on September 1st, 1939. This came after Britain and France had signed the Munich Agreement with Germany, in an attempt to maintain peace through appeasement.
Germany signed the crucial German-Soviet Pact of August 1939.The pact stated that Poland would be partitioned between Germany and Russia. This allowed Germany to launch an invasion without Russian interference.
Operation Barbarossa (1941-1942)
Operation Barbarossa was a military initiative enacted by Adolf Hitler in June of 1941. As mistrust with the Soviet Union had grown, Hitler had been plotting invasion of Soviet Territory. Despite a successfully launched surprise attack, the German army suffered severe setbacks due to sub zero temperatures which they were not prepared for. By Contrast, the Soviets were well adapted to the cold. By December, the Germans had suffered casualties estimated around 730,000. Germany had a nearly perfect sting of military victories up until this point. This loss indicated the tide of the war was beginning to change.
Pearl Harbor (1941)
On December 7, 1941, the Empire of Japan launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. The bombing was to prevent pacific forces, from interfering with Japanese conquest of the South Pacific. Additionally, the Japanese hoped the attack would prevent the U.S. from entering the war, by crushing morale. Not only did the attack have the reverse effect, it also marked a turning point for The U.S.'s neutrality in the war, and U.S. Government declared war shortly after.
The Wannsee Conference (1942)
The Wannsee Conference was a meeting of high-ranking Nazi officials in 1942, to discuss the "final solution" to what they referred to as "The Jewish Question". This meant the complete eradication of an estimated 11,000,000 European Jews..This conference was extremely significant in that it was the beginning of The Holocaust. The Holocaust went on to claim the lives of over 6 million Jews.
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Bonus Timeline Web
Rape of Nanking (1937)-
On December 31st of 1937, the Japanese invaded China, and General Matsui Iwane ordered the destruction of the city of Nanking. This invasion which lead to atrocity, would come to be known as "The Rape of Nanking". As many as 20,000 women and girls were raped and mutilated or killed. Another 200,000 men 150,000 of which were accounted for as war prisoners, were butchered. After the war was over, General Iwane was tried for war crimes "by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East". He was convicted, and executed.
Battle of Stalingrad (1942)
On July 17th, 1942, the nazis bombed the Russian city of Stalingrad. This was the beginning of the Battle of Stalingrad. With 2,000,000 casualties including civilians, it was one of the bloodiest battles in world history. Not only was it the most violent battle of the war, it was also a turning point for the allies. The loss of the battle on behalf of the Germans was also a significant loss for Hitler himself, and an embarrassment.
Fall of Paris (1940)
For a while, it was promised by Winston Churchill to France, that the U.S. would join the war and come to their aid. Secretary of State Cordell Hull, was vehemently against aiding France, due to the fact that aid to France could be taken as a precursor to a declaration of war. On June 14, 1940, Paris was invaded and occupied by Germany. Over 2 million Parisians fled the country before the tanks began rolling in. Many of them escaped with their lives, due to the fact that the Gestapo began interrogating, investigating, and intimidating the remaining locals.
Allied invasion of Italy (1943)
In 1943, the British 8th Army invaded Italy. Later on in Rome, the capture of Sicily led to the downfall of Mussolini's regime. His own officials forced him to resign, and although he was arrested shortly after, he was rescued from prison and reinstated as the leader of a Nazi occupied region of Northern Italy. Mussolini was later captured on April 28th, 1945, and executed by Italian partisans.
Ribbentrop/Molotov Pact (1939)
The Ribbentrop/Molotov Pact (also known as The German-Soviet Nonaggression pact of 1939) was a nonaggression agreement between Soviet Russia, and Nazi Germany. Europe was nearing another major war, and this as seen as a necessary precaution. Stalin saw this pact as an opportunity to keep Russia on peaceful terms with Germany, while building up its military. When Germany invaded Poland, Russia took no action against Hitler, as a result of the pact they had signed preceding the invasion. Ironically, this marked the beginning of World War 2.