rhetoric as life improving (Nicomachean Ethics: What is a good life? (The…
rhetoric as life improving
Is rhetoric art?
logical: shakespeare identifies a technique as do many poets.
Poetics: A manual on how to write tragedy. Also how use language to persuade i.e rhetoric.
Rhetoric is the counterpart of the dialectic
Art like tragedy is helpful for catharsis
plato - rhetoric needs morality
Socratic dialectic manipulates people's thinking
Rhetoric is a tool: it can be used for good or evil. So can the dialectic. It is reason that must be questioned
Gorgais: rhetoric is not an art but mere flattery. It needs philosophy to guide it.
Plato separates eloquence and wisdom
Platonic dualism is bad for civilization
language as deceit
Manipulate people to gain power
Indoctrination: Nazi, Communism
rhetoric to hide lack of knowledge
To hide more sinister intentions
Rhetoric can give people hope: Obama
Cicero: great oratory exists in times of need
Famous speeches happen in extream situation: Gettysburg address, churchill, I have a dream
Modernity people feel alienated from politics
Nicomachean Ethics: What is a good life?
The only job for philosophy?
Life is not about happiness but eudaimon - flourish