Rain --> Mountains --> Streams --> Loʻi --> Fishpond --> Kai
evaporates liquid (ocean) --> gas (clouds) --> rain --> flows down --> ocean
different kinds of clouds:
highest clouds in the atmosphere: cirrocumulus, cirrus, & cirrostratus. Cumulonimbus clouds can also grow to be very high.
Mid-level clouds: altocumulus and altostratus.
lowest clouds: stratus, cumulus, and stratocumulus.
Hawaiʻi: basalt rock
water will rain/pour through the ground into a water lense that holds water (aquifers)
Watershed: n. an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas.
Currently: polluted, diverted, not constantly flowing
used for plantation irrigation
It takes 10,000 gallons of water to irrigate one acre of sugarcane. Producing one pound of sugar requires 4,000 gallons of water. That’s enough to supply 80 homes with water for a day.
During the Civil War, Northerners could not get sugar from the South. The price of sugar skyrocketed 800 percent. Hawaiʻi sugar planters saw this as an opportunity. In 1857, there were five sugar plantations in Hawaiʻi. By 1884, there were ninety planters, plantations, and mills. The desire of some large sugar planters to continue increasing their profits contributed to the Bayonet Constitution and the
low pressure system
H: clockwise, L: counter
winds farther spread out and organize, winds closer disorganized winds/waves
fetch: area wind blowing over
humans natural instinct is to modify the land around to accommodate
we utilized more than being replenished
desolidify: making clean water from polluted or salt
tapping into mountain (ground water), stream run-off, rain catchment
streams, springs, ponds, swamps, rivers, lakes
artisan well: flows by self with water pressure and gravity
nvs. Water, liquid or liquor of any kind other than sea water (see ex., koni), juice, sap, honey; liquids discharged from the body, as blood, semen; color, dye, pattern; to flow, like water, fluid
interr. pronoun; Who, whom, whose, what
vi. To retain, place, leave, remain, earn, deposit
n. a colorless, transparent, odorless, tasteless liquid that forms the seas, lakes, rivers, and rain and is the basis of the fluids of living organisms.
71% of Earths surface is covered with water
3.5% is fresh/drinking water
96.5% is the ocean
2% is frozen
1% of drinking
2/3 of our bodies is water
20-25 years for water to infiltrate to the aquifers
wai is source of all life