Child Care and Development
Child Care and Development
Unhealthy or no eggs = egg donor
Unhealthy or no sperm = sperm donor
Difficulty with fertilization, oviduct healthy, still healthy sperm eggs = GIFT (gamete intrafallopian)
Blocked oviduct, still healthy sperm and eggs = IVF (in vitro fertilization
Woman has healthy eggs, but not ovulating properly
Woman repeatedly loses the pregnancy within the first month = progesterone supplements help maintain early pregnancy
Coping with the Pain
Stages of Labour
After the Birth
Common Interventions during birth:
Electronic Fetal Monitoring
Before 37 weeks
Call caregiver if any signs arise such as:
Bleeding, tickling, or gushing of fluid from vagina
Huge change in baby's movements
Increase amount of vaginal discharge
Established labour may begin with contractions that:
Gets steadily stronger
Makes the uterus grow harder
Contraction are between 30-70 seconds long
Two main signs:
Pinkish mucus discharged from vagina, which is a mucous plug that blocks the cervix during pregnancy.
Professionals Involved in Childbirth
Maternal Fetal Medicine Specialist
Focus on high-risk pregnancies.
Offers care through all stages of life, but if there is a complicated birth, they will contact specialists for consultation.
Specialize is care during pregnancy and birth.
Will be present the whole time and is the only option for home brith.
Prevents egg development, ovulation, or fertilization/implantation.
Examples: IUS (intraterine system), birth control pill, progesterone patch, nuva ring.
Prevents egg and sperm from coming into contact or physically prevents implantation.
IUD, condom, diaphragm, sponge + spermicide.
Vasectomy, tubal ligation.
Four areas used to examine child's development:
Gross motor development
Fine motor development
Speech and language development
Social and adaptive development
Week 28 - birth
Systems are mostly developed.
Week 1 - week 12
Most system development and cell differentiation occurs.
Fertilization and Fetal Development
When two gametes go through the process of fertilizing an egg to fuse forming a zygote and develops into a new organism.
Fetus kicks legs and moves arms, and skin develops.
rate of growth slows down. Fine hair develops and fetus can suck its thumb.
Face is clearer, first signs of the sex of the fetus appear, and the excretory system rapidly develops.
Fetus moves more and eyes are open.
Fetus is fully developed but not enough fat cells to control body temperature. Large changes in weight and length happen.
8 and 9 months
Organ systems complete development and fat cells form on body.
Baby is born.
Embryo has large head with a brain and facial features. Fingers and toes appear, embryo is called a fetus.
Heart begins to beat, nervous and digestive systems are formed, and eyes and ears are visible.
1st day/7 days
Egg cell and sperm combine forming single cell.
At day 7
Group of cells attach to uterine lining, is called an embryo.
Triggered by a drop in progesterone
Blood vessels feeding the endometrium pull back
Endometrium is shed
Caused by LH releasing
The egg is released.
Lh converts empty follicle into a corpus luteum.
Corpus luteum releases progesterone.
If pregnancy occurs, progesterone rises, maintaining early pregnancy.
If pregnancy does not occur
Is the monthly series of changes a woman's body experiences and goes through in preparation of possibly getting pregnant.