Ecology of Socialization by Ruth Mathuse (How would you describe your…
Ecology of Socialization by Ruth Mathuse
How does an infant become a contributing adult?
What are society's goals for children?
Development of Self-concept
Charles Horton Cooley
:The looking-glass self
George Herbert Meade:
: 8 Stages of Psychological development
Trust v. Mistrust, Autonomy v. Shame and Doubt, Initiative v. Guilt, Industry v. inferiority, Identity v. Identity Diffusion, Intimacy v. Isolation, Generativity v. Self-Absorption, Integrity v. Despair
Teach Appropriate Social Roles
Implement Developmental Skills
Who was significant in shaping you?
Behavior Patterns of Culturally Diverse Families
Coping: Active <-> Passive
Attitute toward Authority: Submissive <-> Egalitarian
Orientation: Collective <->Individualistic
Communication Style: Open/Expressive <-> Restrained/Private
Informal Social Support System
Formal Social Support System
Why do you have to be attached to someone to be socialized?
What influences whether your behavior will be repeated or modified?
Learning by Doing
How can you learn complicated behavior by observing it?
What socialization methods coincide with ways you process information most effectively?
: Parenting Styles
What socialization methods ensure that you conform to your social or cultural group?
Group pressure psychological factors
Acceptance by the group
Type of group
Attraction to the group
Rituals and Routines
How do your learn a behavior from someone who has already mastered it?
How would you describe your affective, cognitive, social, and behavioral characteristics?
Motive and Attributions
"The Intentional Family"
by William Doherty
Does not offer an idea of what constitutes a good family.
Emphasis on personal satisfaction with the added value of flexibility.
The Intentional Family
or ritualizing family
Members create a working plan for
maintaining and building family ties, and then implement the plan as best they can.
Creates patterns of connecting through everyday family rituals, seasonal celebrations, special occasions, and community involvement.
It has the discipline to stick with good rituals, and
the flexibility to change them when they are not working anymore.
Predictability, Connection, Identity, A way to enact values.
Types of Family Rituals:
Connection Rituals, Love Rituals, Community Rituals
Taming Time and Technology
The Psychological Family
Based on personal achievement and happiness more than family obligations and tight community bonds.
Overarching goal: the happiness and satisfaction of individual family members.
The Institutional Family
Traditional family based on kinship, children, community ties, economics and father's authority.
Goals:Stability and Security. Happiness second
The Entropic Family
Lacks of conscious attention to its inner life and community ties, gradually loses a
sense of cohesion over the years.
Help us Motivate
Help us Educate
Help us Unite
Bad news if student motivated to get A's
Lifespan around the world
Lose interest in the reward. Interest in A's = lose of interest in learning.