Internal Text Structure
Internal Text Structure
Compare and Contrast
Definition: Comparing two different things. Comparing is finding the similarities of the two things and contrasting is when you are showing how different they are.
Key words: however, but, not only... but also, either...or, while, although, vs., yet, similarly
Example: Dogs and cats share both similarities and differences. Dogs and cats both are mammals, have fur, and have great ears and sense of smell. However, cats usually are smaller and do not need to be put on leashes or walked, while dogs need lots of exercise and can weigh hundreds of pounds.
Definition: It shows a conflict or problem and then presents something to solve that problem, with supporting details and facts.
Key Words: Problem is... Dilemma is.. Puzzle is... Solved, Question, Answer, Because, Since, This led to, The main difficulty, One possible solution is... Once challenge... Therefore, This led to, so that, If... then, thus
One problem of having a pet is allergies. Family members or yourself can prevent you from being able to have your favorite pet. Having a pet that you are allergic to can cause sneezing and coughing. You can avoid this by getting a hypoallergenic pet. A hypoallergenic dog breed is the poodle, while if you want a hypoallergenic cat the Siberian cat is for you. These pets don't shed and will not irritate your nose or throat like other pets do.
Enumeration or Listing
Definition: It shows information in a list format, but it is in a random order.
Key Words: to begin with, most important, 1., 2., 3.,
You should buy a laptop for many reasons. First, you can use it for school for research. You can also use laptops to view funny cat videos, which is very enjoyable. Last of all, a laptop can help you with communicating with your friends online.
Cause and Effect
Definition: It shows how one event affects another. The first thing is often the cause, and the next one is the effect.
Key Words: because, since, therefore, consequently, as a result, so that, if...then
Alice Paul, Lucy Burns, and many other suffragists demanded that women be given the right to vote. They went on hunger strikes, picketed the White House, and held parades to help the cause. As a result, President Woodrow Wilson finally signed the 19th amendment, which gave women the right to vote.
Definition: It defines a certain topic or concept using facts or other important details.
Key Words: Refers to, thus, in other words, equals, as defined by
Example: Pusheen is one of the most iconic symbols of the modern era. She is a grey kitten with stripes, who is often featured in cute cartoons eating, or wearing costumes. She is featured on hats, socks, and other merchandise.
Generalization or Principle
Definition: It groups or sorts information to general categories that have facts to back them up. They are different from Concept/Definition because Generalization or Principle groups a bunch of different things.
Key Words: All, none, always, in fact
Paper is made from trees. All children go to school.
Sequential or Chronological
Definition: It's a format where everything is in time order. The events or scenes happen in the real order something will or did happen.
Key Words: first, next, later, after, now, when
When she was a child, she would design houses out of Lego blocks. As she got older, she began to design houses and buildings on her laptop. Later, as a college student, she majored in Architectural Design. When she was an adult, she became a world famous architect.
Definition: It shows how to do something or the steps to make something.
Begins with, in order to, first, next
In order to prepare to play the violin, follow these steps. First, take the violin and the bow out of the case. Then, slide the shoulder rest onto the violin. Next, take a rosin and slide it on the bow. Finally, set up your music on a music stand. Now you are ready to play!