Internal Text Structure Types (Problem/ Solution (Starts off with a…
Internal Text Structure Types
Enumeration or Listing
Uses listing to present information in a random order.
Begins with, most important, 1,2,3, etc.
Freshwater fish are one of America's most liked pets. First there are more than 142 million families with pet fish. Second people are more likely to have multiple fish than other animals. Finally fish are one of the easiest pets to take care of making them very common in homes all over America.
Sequential or Chronological
To arrange information in time order. To explain an event in the order which they original order.
First, next, later, after, now, and when are commonly used in chronological (or sequential) order.
First we got on the plane and sat in our seats. Then the flight attendant told us to buckle our seat belts and then the lights turned off. After that we waited six hours for the plane to land. When it finally landed we got off and went to the hotel.
To show how something is done. A product is a result of a process.
Begins with, in order to, first, and next are some ways to start off with during a process.
In order to male a peanut butter and jelly sandwich you take out a knife a jar of peanut butter, a jar of jell, and a loaf of bread. First you take out two pieces of bread and then take the jelly and spread it on with a knife. Then spread the peanut butter on the other slice of bread. Next put the two pieces of bread together with the peanut butter and jelly together. Then cut the sandwich in half.
Cause and Effect
Shows a connection between two or more facts, events, or people.The event that happens first is the cause and the one that comes next is the effect.
This includes because, since, therefore, consequently, as a result, so that, if... then
Mark and Sally were playing tag. Sally turned around to see where Mark was and she didn't see the tree root in front of her. She fell and as a result she went to the doctors because she had broken her arm.
Compare and Contrast
A comparison of similarities between two things and a contrast of differences between two things. This shows how things are alike and different.
However, but, not, only...but also, either...or, while, although, vs.,yet,similarly.
Cats or dogs? Dogs are usually people friendly, but cats are not. While both are cute dogs are better to cuddle with and are mans best friends. Puppies make a mess but they are too cute to get in trouble. However cats are cute too, but their litter box will smell.
The reason someone writes this is to define a concept using supporting details.
Refers to, thus, in other words, equals, as defined by are all key words to look for.
When mining for gold and diamonds. Miners dug into the bedrock or the last layer of rock before you reach the Earth's inner surface. Bedrock lyes hundreds of meters under the surface of the loose soil.
Generalization or Principle
This is written in general statements with supporting details. This is different from
because generalization includes sentences about a whole group and could easily become overly broad and can result in an opinion.
All, none, always, in fact are important words to look for.
The sun always rises every day.
Starts off with a problem or something that isn't right then explains the solution or the way to fix the problem and the effects of this. It could also include pros and cons of the solution.
Problem is, dilemma is, puzzle is, solved, question, answer, because, since, this led to, the main difficulty, one possible solution is, one challenge is, therefore, this led to, so that, thus, if then are key words
The problem is the Princess was captured and no one knows where she is. The Prince searched high and low for her but she was no where to be found. One challenge was the Prince finally found his Princess but she was trapped behind a fire breathing dragon. Luckily the Princess was saved and they lived happily ever after.