Social & Education Inequality (Problems (students exclude themselves,…
Social & Education Inequality
link between intergenerational poverty and low education attainment, Ewing 2013
education has potential to raise incomes and life opportunities Ewing
children's ed outcomes are shaped by factors linked to parents
"Low income youth learn best when pedagogy is driven by high academic expectations for all students- where standards aren't lowered based on SES" (Romalho, Garza, and Merchant, 2010) Gorski.
1 in 6 Aus children live in poverty (ACOSS, 2012) cited in Ewing
Aus Indiginous ranks alongside 3rd world countries- some in absolute poverty which incl- malnutrition, illiteracy, disease, low life expectancy, Ewing
Remore locations more likely to have inexperienced teachers, promoted too early, no mentors. p 84 Ewing
parents who completed ed have more understanding, connections nd support for their children, Ewing
in lower socio-economic areas have sometimes diluted the curriculum
offered or teachers have lowered their expectations of disadvantaged
students. The cycle is thus perpetuated. Ewing p 86
"No matter how willing the staff and parents, the differences between disadvantages schools and privileged schools are extensive". VSB p10
Dominant culture/cultural capital
be aware of homework disadvantage- e.g. allocating computer work
students exclude themselves
"physical present, mentally absent". Ewing, p 86, could use this for cultural diversity??
intended and enacted school curricula continue to be largely based
in the mainstream culture of the more affluent, resulting in students from
other classes and cultures feeling alienated or confronted. Ewing p 86
Year 12 attainment for the most disadvantaged students is 20% lower than the highest socio-economic group – a similar gap to 2006.
Overall, 27.3% of people aged 17 to 24 aren't engaged in work or study following school – an increase from 26.1% in 2006.
'low socioeconomic' have
much less chance of completing their full twelve years of schooling
and taking up further education, and mllch more likelihood of being
underemployed. Thomson p 3
Actions (discuss in final para)
"understanding of difference and diversity must also be nurtured in teacher education courses." p 92
Disadvantaged schools program- explore later in essay
check our own biases and remember every student is different! Gorski
effective learner attributes
in the classroom
"engaged reading can overcome traditional barriers to reading achievement, including gender, parental ed and income." p 95
Engage all students!
Increase social capital- mix schools, mix clever peers with not so clever (no impact on clever but but big impact on not) p 97
give examples of what further schooling is like, uni etc guest speakers
Virtual Schoolbag theory
incorporate art, movement, family as these things might not be priority at home (Gorksi)