Gender issues drive research questions
Gender issues drive research questions
Andersson & Lidestav
masculinity of the forest industry in Sweden
how networks of women forest owners challenge traditional notions of gendered forestry
depoliticization/technicalization of gender mainstreaming
intersections with sexuality (hetero, motherhood)
examines women's diverse perceptions of gender mainstreaming/equality
Simply increasing the number of women participating in the masculine field of forestry (US) has not been enough to significantly change gender dynamics. Women are more drawn to community-based forestry than conventional forestry management. Women in CBF recode forestry in more feminine terms. Participation of women in forestry alone is overemphasized.
Kern et al
Gender demographics of US forest service & forestry academia
Doesn't discuss mainstreaming
mentions feminist theory of organizations (but not feminist science studies - harding, haraway), but that the evidence presented runs counter to it
women in science, rather than feminism in science
Women's representation was greater among USDA forest service research & development than university faculty, but the proportion of women declines with seniority in both institutions. Organizational structure affects diversity of the scientific workforce.
Merely increasing the number of women participating in community forestry institutions can improve forest conditions & equitable distribution of resources, even when participating women don't practice active social consciousness (i.e. collective strategies & goals).
Participation + REDD
Stiem & Krause
: percpetions of women's participation in forest governance
barriers to women's participation in forest governance & how they may be overcome
uses feminist political ecology lens (rather weakly?)
intersections with ethnicity
role of REDD programs & church organizations
Khadka et al
Only accounting for numbers of women included in REDD programs, rather than underlying power dynamics is insufficient for achieving REDD's equity goal and correcting gender imbalances.
In general, REDD policy process has neglected gender issues, including gendered decision-making and benefit-sharing.
Larson et al
Participation alone, while important, is not sufficient for strengthening women's positions in REDD projects. "Gender-responsive analyses" are necessary.
Assessment of technology/program
"women have different roles & knowledge"
Mulyoutami et al
different tree preferences between men & women
Mbosso et al
kernel extraction machine
age & education
Timko & Kozak
HIV/AIDS has decreased gender roles in household tasks
(relates back to intersectionality, HIV/AIDS as important lens)
Villamor & Noordwijk
women and men have different land use preferences
economic theory (role playing games)
Blare & Useche
different land use decisions
economics - choice experiments
Poole et al
Women's/men's use of three different trees differed, also by age & region
Bourne et al
Despite similar land use preferences and perceptions of environmental services, women and men have differences int heir access to tree products, decision-making powers, and agroforestry practices.
Villamor et al
As land patterns rapidly change, particularly in the lowlands, the responsibility of rubber agroforestry systems is shifting from men to women with consequences for gender division of labour and decision-making.
The activities of the women's group the authors established are an example of what can be done at the household level to promote forest conservation and support women's empowerment.
more context-driven intersectional gender analysis
Gelinas et al
Distinguishes among women by age & role in household
Bose et al
10 year ethnography of dryland agroforestry
CF restrictions & women's participation on committees both impact how much fuelwood women & men collect (which differ from each other)
Considers dalit & landless minorities, women's participation
"women have different asset/resource/skill needs"
Catacun & Naz
Lee et al
Carter & Allendorf
Women's different percepetions of wildlife
Applies intersectionality theory to REDD+ program in Burkina Faso, shows that essentializing women as a group is inadequate
Kariuki & Birner
REDD+ and other PES programs in Kenya vary in gender integration
Gender exclusion occurs where women have less access/control over land and assets
Calls for gender mainstreaming standards for market based conservation schemes
guidance for gender-sensitive approaches
Generalizations about women & men based on lit review of agroforestry labor divisions
guidance for gender-sensitive future R&D
Kusakabe et al.
Mobility patterns of women and men have changed; men are more able to make long-term investments, while women spend more time looking for NTFPs. Women's mobility has increased, while their motility has weakened.
Impacts of migration on intrahousehold relations
Intersections with the power relations between ethnic groups and the hegemonic state
intra-group differences in mobility of indigenous peoples
nuanced analysis of mobility as a category of measurement of women's agency/empowerment
Dey et al.
: feminist political ecology
women's control over resources
historical account of environmental struggles
role of state forestry institutions
nature as a political construction
Gendered experience of resource use configures local women and men's distinct ways of responding to centric forest management. Gender-based resistances reconstruct community identity. Social hierarchies and subjectivities are produced as consequences of people's environmental struggles
Bhattarai et al
feminist political ecology
Current development institutions and models reinforce gender structures in agrobiodiversity management and undermine women's adaptation to climate change.
Development organizations' acceptance of gender roles privilege men's access to new income-generating products and agricultural extension. Gender equity must address intersectionality in order to be effective. Gender and climate adaptation occurs at multiple scales.
Sunderland et al
Global measurement of how women use forest products: Although there is some evidence of general patterns in division forest management, access, & use by gender, there is great variation across regions. In some places men's contributions to household forest product was much greater than previously suggested.
In a way provides supporting evidence for NOT making broad generalizations about women & forests
Pham P et al
Impacts of climate change, policy, & social changes on ethnic minority community
intersections with age
gender relations as changing, not static
Climate change & regulatory changes exacerbate gender inequalities
Reed et al
There is a large gap in our understanding of gender, adaptive capacity (to climate change), and forestry in Canada. Feminist scholarship and literature on adaptive capacity (to climate change) have been largely conceptual and theoretical.
gendered divisions of labor in forestry, influence in national decision-making,
includes gender mainstreaming
gender mainstreaming in forestry climate change research should not be isolated in the social sciences