Post Classical Period :black_flag: ( Byzantine Empire :pen: (Political …
Post Classical Period :black_flag:
Byzantine Empire :pen:
A Bulgarian King took the title of tsar, or Ceasar
Women were opressed and they usually stayed at home
Became the first Emperor of the Byzantine Empire and rebuilt Byzantium the former capital of the Byzantine empire.
Codified Roman Law
Influenced Byzantine greatly in the short span of his reign.
Built the Hagia Sophia
The emperor was higher than the opoe and had more power.
Merchants could not receive political power
Codified Roman Law
Justinian Law Code
collection of laws that formed the basis for Byzantine law under Emperor Justinian
Justinian Empire :star:
wants to reestablish Roman concepts in the West
Reconquered Territory during the Goth Wars
Rebuilds the agaisophia Church :explode:
Constantinople was central to long distance trade
Peasants supplied food
Ventured into the silk business
Christianity became the dominant religion and the first empire to have Christianity
Built by Justinian to honor Christianity and have it as a worship sanctuary.
Feudalism in Europe
The feudal systems are political and social stands in which land is granted through loyalty and military support
Kings gave land to the nobles and from their nobles gave land to knights to protect and serve the peasants of that land
servs were of the lowest class and could not leave the land they were withheld to.
The Great Schism of 1054 Christianity divided into two separate branches.
Roman Catholic Church
The pope had more power than the king
The central admission of the Catolic Church in which the pope is the head
Eastern Orthodox Church
Men and Women leave their old lives to become monasteries
Spread of Islam
Women In Islam
Women in Islam did not have many rights
The section of a house or palace just for women
Pastoral nomads and early converts to islam
Believed in animism
The first caliph moved the capital of Medina to Damascus which caused Arab people to mix with non-arabs
A member of the Abbasid caliphate which were descendants of Abbas,uncle of Muhammad
The caliphs of the Abbasid dynasty appointed many individuals to preserve and translate the writings of the ancient Greeks and Indians
A minority group of authorities that put in charge a caliph that still continues,
Laws based on by the Qur'an and hadith
Succesors of Muhammad
One of Muhammad's earliest converts; succeeded Muhammad as first caliph of Muslim community
Son in Law of Muhammad and focused on Shari'a
Trade was a big part of Islam since it gave ideas to spread the word of Islam
Tax for charity
People of the Book
Jews and Christians that lived in Muslim countries.
Five pillars of faith
The 5 basic principles of the Islamic faith
One of the most important shrines in Mecca which was founded by the Umayyad clan
A pilgrimmage to Medina that marked the founding date of Islam
Once in a lifetime pilgrimmage to Mecca to go worship Allah at the Ka'ba
City in Western Saudi Arabia , known as the spiritual center of Islam
The final prophet of Islam and the founder of Islam
Believed to be the word of Allah not just sayings from Muhammad
This was believed that spirits have been rested upon ordinary objects. Belief in the Bedouin religion
The Muslim Community that started in Medina and followed Muhammad is accepted by other clans that feuded .
Merchants moved up in society
Merchants were elite in East Africa giving them luxury,
It is based on the wife's family
Kinship system is the pattern of relationships that define people's family relationships to one another.
Family based clans
The wealthy could control trade
Mosques in East Africa were ruled by sultans
Ghana's kings were Judges, religious leaders, and generals
Moroccan Muslim scholar and traveler.
Introduced Islam to African Tribes
West Africans were the first to convert to Islam
a Bantu language widely used as a lingua franca in East Africa and having official status in several countries
Most practiced animism
Blended animism with Islam
r sub-Saharan Africa from the North African coast, Europe, to the Levant.
Indian Ocean Trade
Long distance trade in dhows and sailboats made it a dynamic zone of interaction between peoples, cultures, and civilizations