Controlling the Localities (Wales (Elizabeth (Central government…
Controlling the Localities
Council of the North
Central government stabilised the area
Due to the revolt in 1969 the council was reconstructed - gave Elizabeth the opportunity to enhance control from the monarchy while simultaneously eroding the tradition of the noble families - resulted in no further rebellion - she was able to reiterate her power and therefore was extremely successful.
President of the council was always a noble or Bishop from the South or Midlands. The rest were more local. Councillors also appointed as JP's which enhanced their regional knowledge and authority.
Allowed the Earl of Northumberland to continue as Lord Lieutenant of the North until his death and then he appointed the Earl of Surrey
Clamped down on 'over mighty' magnates
1537 the Council was remodelled and even powers to hear cases of murder, treason and felony. Becoming a mouthpiece of central government - asserting and enforcing royal proclamations and instructions to local government.
councils power extended beyond Yorkshire to Durham. Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmoreland + given a permanent HQ in York
Council dictated regional government - overseeing food supplies, regulating trade and organising local military musters and hearing cases
Central government stabilised the area
She was able to adapt the Marcher Council [to increasingly include the Lord Lieutenant - through him she was able to widen her control as well as her knowledge and in turn extending the power of the tudor monarchs into a reign which had previously been very problematic.
Jasper Tudor was sent to oversee the Council of Wales, after he died Wales was controlled by by a council under the Bishop of Lincoln who had no association with that area.
established power in Wales by enforcing English style systems in Wales this meant Henry now had firm control over an increasing amount of the country.
1549 - JP's given task of reporting and prosecuting Parish theft
JP's role in administering Tudor law and controlling the regions had expanded enormously - meant that Elizabeth could securely tighten her control over England as well as being clearly aware of what was going on in England.
The Statute of Artificers placed even greater importance with the JP's, who were expected to enforce it.
JP's to force all bodies to bring in crops at harvest time
Wages to be set annually by JP's
To correct the dire economic situation Elizabeth introduced the Statute of Artificers, this act enhanced the importance of apprenticeship, protected skilled trades and arguably most effectively placed even greater importance on the role of the JP's. - meant she could broaden her control
However, arguably backward thinking but did help the economy therefore good leading decision by Elizabeth.
Poor Laws still needed to be introduced to complete the reform this was because the act was difficult to enforce
As the JP's power was increased they were now able and determined to keep wages down and this only exacerbated poverty amongst the poorest as well as not preventing unemployment and vagrancy.
Lord Lieutenants being added to county benches in 1585 strengthened central control as they oversaw JP's.
Tightened control over the JP's - forced by Wolsey tp hear a speech in 1526 and made them fill out a twenty one section questionnaire on law an order in the localities. this made sure that they supported the act of Supremacy and reformation.
Controlling the nobles
Limited the size of the patronage significantly from 57 to 44
By limiting the size he limited their power while ensuring that the men valued their position more because it wasn't handed out on mass
Used the Order of the Garter to reward his closest followers - was an ancient honour
Retaining Peerage e.g Dukes of Clarence and Gloucester
Withheld inheritance until their loyalty was proved - Earl of Northumberland 1489
Controlled marriages of his nobles - could not marry great heiresses in order to form dangerous power blocks
Limited patronage - rewarded new peers, and made people King's counsellor e.g. Lord Dudley
Local issues would be dealt with by local noblemen, they could become judge, jury and executioner when purely local issues were involved.