Ecology and DNA
A Coggle Diagram about Vocab.
, Community: group of different populations
, Population: species that live in same area
, Biome: group of ecosystems that hare similar climate and organisms
, Species: reproduce, similar organisms
, Biotic: living
, Biosphere: all life on Earth + the env.
, Abiotic: nonliving
, Ecology: study of interactions between organisms
, Ecosystem : all organisms plus the environment
, Autotroph: producer
, Chemosynthesis: produce food by energy from reactions using inorganic chemicals
, Carnivore: eats meat
, Herbivore: eats plants
, Scavenger: animal that feeds on dead animal
, Omnivore: eats both plants and animals
, Detritivore: feeds on dead organic material
, Decomposer: decomposes organic material
), Ecology Cont.
, Climate: average year after year conditions of temp. and prec.
, 10% of energy transferred
, rest of energy lost as heat
, food chain: direct order
, food web: all possibilities in ecosystem
, Weather: day to day condition
and angle of sun effects heating, heating affects ocean and wind currents
), History of DNA
(Hershey and Chase
, Avery, Macleod, McCartv
and Watson and Crick
) and DNA
(Polymerase: adds nucleotides
, Handrail or side of DNA: phosphate and sugar molecule
, Helicase: unzips genes, breaks H- bonds
, Rungs or steps of DNA: 4 nitrogen bases
, To Extract DNA in plant cell: 1. crush organism to break down cell wall. 2. Add to bag with detergent and salt and mix. 3. Add to test tube with ethanol and DNA should appear as strand.