Are Scientific Theories True?
A Coggle Diagram about Scientific Realism, Issue ( Save The Phenomena and True Story about those phenomena), Antirealism (constructive empiricism) and Realism Rejoinder ( (Inference To The Best Explanation (IBE):
The idea behind IBE is that we infer the hypothesis which would, if true, provide the best explanation of the available evidence. and The realist’s second rejoinder attacks van Fraassen’s alleged distinction between observables and unobservables – this distinction has been at the center of a huge literature which I won’t have the time to cover here. After all, why should we suspend belief about unobservables (be they atoms, electrons, or DNA) and believe only that our best theories about atoms, electrons and DNA save the observable phenomena? The empiricist criterion of suspending belief about unobservable entities seems too narrow to capture the complexity of scientific practice where the vast majority of entities postulated by theories are indeed unobservable. And why should not we trust our scientific instruments (be they a microscope or a particle collider) to deliver a reliable image of the unobservable any more than the human eye?))