Can the Wizard Save America?
A Coggle Diagram about Western Frontier (Plains Indians- Various Native tribes who relied mainly on the land and animals that roamed the land. , Homestead Act- Signed into Law by President Lincoln on May 20, 1862. The Act encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land. In exchange, Homesteaders paid a small filing fee and were required to complete five years of continuous residence before receiving ownership of the land., Transcontinental Railroad- it would create a northern route in order to link the economies of California and the western territories with the eastern states, Open Range- a large area of grazing land without fences or other barriers., Grange Movement- Started by Oliver Kelley, it was basically a movement that was meant to change farming habits and create a unity between farmers against railroads, Populist Party- the great plains hit a great agricultural depression and the prices on crops dropped dramatically. Loosely knit confederations called Farmers' Alliances were formed during the 1880s. Separate organizations were founded in the North and South, and Southern blacks organized their own alliances, Sod House- a home built of blocks of prairie turf, Exodusters- was the name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century. It was also known as the Exodus of 1879. , Cowhands/Cowboys- A person employed on a Cattle Ranch, Ghost Towns- deserted towns with visible remains, towns seemed prosperous but ended up failing., Gold Bugs- (Republicans) bankers and businessmen,, Silverites- members of a political movement in the United States in the late-19th century that advocated that silver should continue to be a monetary standard along with gold, as authorized under the Coinage Act of 1792., Time Zones- Created for a standard Time for the Railroad Systems, Buffalo- an important source for people on the plains. Natives relied on them greatly, Farmers Alliance- state and regional groups; taught scientific farming methods; , Battle of Little Bighorn- a battle fought with the natives under the command of Sitting Bull. Natives were fighting to protect their land because white men discovered a little gold on the land. It was a great victory for Natives because they found they weren’t completely defenseless. , Wounded Knee- Occurred Dec 29, 1890, on Wounded Knee Creek, South Dakota. Resulted in the death of 250 and up to 300 unarmed Indians and the majority being Women and Children. The massacre of Wounded Knee was the result of one man reporting falsely to Washington because of his fear the Indians. and Dawes Act- reformers persuaded Congress to abandon the practice of dealing with Native American tribes as separate unions.), Big Business (John D. Rockefeller- Founder of the standard Oil Company. , Entrepreneur- a person who sets up a business or businesses, taking on financial risks in the hope of profit., Patent- a government authority or licence conferring a right or title for a set period, especially the sole right to exclude others from making, using, or selling an invention., Thomas Edison- inventor of the lightbulb who held over 1000 patents for many other inventions during his lifetime, Bessemer Process- The first method used for mass producing steel. , Mass Production- the manufacture of large quantities of standardized products, frequently utilizing assembly line technology, this was useful because things were able to be produced more efficiently and faster than before. , Corporations- Firm that meets certain legal requirements to be recognized as having a legal existence, as an entity separate and distinct from its owners. , Monopoly- the exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity or service, this was important because the Laissez Faire approach that the government took with businesses allowed the businesses to grow and become more important, but hard for little businesses to prosper and survive. , Laissez Faire- the “hands off” approach where the government does not interfere in the individual lives or business affairs of others, Andrew Carnegie- an important businessman who led the American steel business to success, J.P. Morgan- Most powerful Banker of his era. Helped finance and organize U.S Steel, General Electric, and other major corporations., Cornelius Vanderbilt- Shipping and railroad god who made everything easier, Social Darwinism- term coined in the late 19th century to describe the idea that humans, like animals and plants, compete in a struggle for existence in which natural selection results in "survival of the fittest.", Trust- confidence placed in a person by making that person the nominal owner of property to be held or used for the benefit of one or more others., Sherman Antitrust Act- was the first Federal act that outlawed monopolistic business practices., Vertical Integration- Buying all the materials to create a monopoly and Horizontal Integration- buying all the businesses to create a monopoly), Labor Unions/Immigration and The Gilded Age (Mark Twain- Helped to create the Gilded Age w/ Charles Dudley Warner after writing a book that spotlights the rampant greed and speculative frenzy of the marketplace, and the corruption pervading national politics, they satirized a society whose serious problems, they felt, had been veiled by a thin coating of gold., Mass Culture- a set of ideas and values that develop from a common exposure to the same cultural ideas, Joseph Pulitzer- supported organized labor, attacked trusts and monopolies, and exposed political corruption, Horatio Alger- wrote Rags to riches as a reaction to the Gilded Age. He opposed social darwinism, Vaudevilles- a type of entertainment in the 1880s that is basically the composition of separate, unrelated acts that are grouped together to create a common bill, Booker T. Washington- President of Tuskegee Institute, the first major black industrial college; believed that economic equality would bring equal rights for blacks, Spoils system- a practice in which a political party, after winning an election, gives government jobs to its supporters, friends and relatives as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party, W. E. B. Du Bois- Black historian and sociologist; lobbied for equal economic and social rights for African Americans, Pendleton Civil Service Act- established that positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation. and Gold Standard- the system by which the value of a currency was defined in terms of gold, for which the currency could be exchanged.)