First Global Civilizations
A Coggle Diagram about Olmec Civilization
(-The Olmecs, which means “people
of rubber” in Nahuatl (the ancient
language of the Aztecs), began their
civilization in southeastern Mexico
between 1600 B.C. and 1400 B.C..
, By 1150 B.C., the Olmec had built a
large city that is now called San Lorenzo.
The center of the city contained raised
mounds and large stone monuments. They also had La Venta at 900 BCE
, Farmers began to do very well in this region. Corn (maize), beans (frijoles), and squash (calabaza) were planted and harvested.
, The Olmecs were also known to have
domesticated dogs and turkeys. As a
result, the food supply increased
, The Olmec played a ball game that
was very popular with their people. The
game was played in huge ball courts. The
Olmec may have invented the game
, The Olmecs used basalt, a kind of
volcanic rock, from as far as 60 miles
away to sculpt their giant heads. Each
head has a flat face, thick lips, and staring
eyes. It is now believed that these heads
were meant to honor famous leaders
first cities were between the Grijalva and
Papaloan rivers, in the present-day
Mexican states of Oaxaca, Veracruz,
Chiapas, and Tabasco
Olmec used an early form of glyph
writing. Glyphs are pictures that
represent words, syllables, or sounds.
, The Olmec worshiped several
gods. The chief god was the jaguar. They
probably believed that the jaguar god
brought rain. The Olmec also worshiped a
fire god and a corn
, The Olmec used
the pyramids as religious centers.
, and the use of jade and the symbol of the
jaguar. Both of these held special meaning
for the Olmecs.
), Chinese Civilization
(Civilization arose in a similar way to the south, called Changjiang civilizatio. Started in the Yangtze River Valley. Walled cities with hierarchical societies
developed within an agricultural setting. A key
city in this civilization was Sanxingdui. In workshops outside the massive walls of this city, artisans crafted a variety of
objects from clay, jade, ivory, turquoise, and bronze.
, The Huang He (huang heh), or Yellow River, is in the north. The Chang
Jiang (chahng jyahng), or Yangtze River, is in the south. Chinese civilization arose in the valleys of both of these rivers at
about the same time.
, Early farmers were attracted to the fertile yellow soil, known as loess (less), that blankets the broad plain of the Yellow
, Within large centers surrounded by defensive walls, artisans
specialized in the making of ceramic pottery and the carving of jade, a semiprecious stone. They also worked copper and,
later, bronze. Societies evolved a hierarchy, with a privileged minority at the top whose members could afford luxury
goods obtained through long-distance trade.
, The Shang (shahng) Dynasty came to power in the Yellow River Valley around 1600 B.C.E. with the city of Anyang as its
capital. The Shang may simply be one of several early Chinese civilizations.
, Their writing, or script, consisted of pictograms that stood for objects and ideas. That script appeared on bronze vessels,
silk, and strips of bamboo linked with thread
and ), Oxus Civilization
( (link to www.google.com
), -this ancient civilization dates back
, The Oxus Civilization began around
, it is located in
present-day northern Afghanistan,
eastern Turkmenistan, southern
Uzbekistan and western Tajikistan.
Through the region runs the Amu
Dar'ya River, which was known in
Greek history as the Oxus River.
, this civilization was at
its peak at around 2300 – 1700 B.C.,
boasting significant urban complexes
with impressive walls and gates,
monumental architecture, wheelturned
pottery, viticulture, and
complex ceramics, tools and jewelry.
fine ceramics, bronze goods, alabaster
and bone carvings and jewelry made
with gold and semiprecious stones
), Norte Chico Civilzation
, Sumer/Mesopotamian Civilization
, Indus Valley Civilization
and Egyptian Civilzations-