Summary of Developmental Theories
A Coggle Diagram about Psychodynamic, Psychoanalytic, and Psychosocial Theories of Development, Behaviorist Theory (Ivan Pavlov
Behavior is the result of associations formed
between behavior and positive and negative
consequences, or the associations formed
between a stimulus and response.
• Behaviorism is based on objective and
concrete observations of behavior.), Theory of Cognitive Development, Sociocultural Theory of Development, Social Learning Theory, Maturational Theory (Arnold Gesell • Genetic and biological systems are the basis
for the development of skills according to a
• Genetics determines the timing of a child’s
maturation and little can be done to change the
pattern of milestone achievement.), Attachment Theory (John Bowlby
• Attachment is a close and enduring bond
between a child and a caregiver.
• Based on sensitive and responsive care, a child
knows that his or her needs will be met and
uses the caregiver as a safe base from which to
explore the environment.
• A concept in association with attachment
theory, Mary Ainsworth discussed that
children can be characterized as having
different types of attachment based on
interactions with the primary attachment
figure. ), Systems Theories (Urie Bronfenbrenner • All contexts in which a child participates
(either directly or indirectly), have a unique
influence on that child’s development.
• Different contexts, from the closest influences
to the most distant influences interact to
uniquely affect a child’s development), Information Processing Theory and Multiple Intelligences Theory