How does your social group effect your likelihood of committing crime?
A Coggle Diagram about Age
(Peak age for criminality is 15-17. One reason for the rise in crime at this age is ‘peer pressure’.
, Offending rates are highest in the late teens and early twenties and decline thereafter.
, People aged 15–24 account for about 40 percent of all arrests even though they compromise only about 14 percent of the population.
, Young adults are more likely than older adults to lack full-time jobs; therefore they are more likely to need money and thus commit offenses to obtain money and other possessions.
, late in our early twenties, our ties to conventional society increase: Many people marry, have children, and begin full-time employment (not necessarily in that order.) These increase our stakes in conformity, to use some social science jargon, and thus reduce our desire to break the law.
, Nearly half of all the offences committed in 2010 by children involved theft, with drug offences and violence against the person being the other two big groups.
- After age 25 we see a steep drop in criminal activity as people take-on new roles such as wage-earner, parent, spouse etc. The possibility of jail time becomes a relatively more-serious matter because of the impact it will have on the perpetrators life and
- Given that the vast majority of crime is relatively petty, older people may cease to follow a lifestyle (clubbing…) that gives them
opportunities for these crimes.
- As people get older they take-on more personal responsibilities (work / career for example) and social responsibilities (children or a partner for example) which makes them consider the effect their behaviour might have on people they love / value.
- Lack of responsibilities might also lead to the opposite happening – more crime being committed because the perpetrator doesn’t have to consider others.
- The lifestyles of young people (the young are the most-frequent users of pubs and clubs for example) may expose them to situations where criminal behaviour is possible / likely (especially violent crimes, joyriding and various forms of petty crime – minor thefts, for example)
- There may actually be no clear-cut causal relationship between age and crime (that is, young people may not commit more crime simply because of their age). Rather, the fact young people are more-likely to be involved in public drinking, clubbing, etc. may simply mean they are more-likely than the elderly to find themselves in an environment conducive to crime.
(Subcultural explanation - Deprivation is high and legitimate opportunities to achieve are blocked so a criminal subculture forms.
, Funct - more people that are unemployed the more higher the crime rate (crime rises when poverty does).
Strain theory+anomie (Merton)
those in deprived areas have limited life chances due to ill health, poor housing, poor education and/or unemployment. These cause people to innovate to reach goals as they are marginalised and excluded.
, Labeling theory - Crime is mainly working class according to statistics, they also indicate them to be the majority of victims
and Marxism - Middle class commit crimes but they aren't prevented as the upper class have the ultimate power as to who gets persecuted and who doesn't and they choose not to as the upper classes work in favour of the capitalist system. - crimes are therefore focused around the working class . :
(13% males aged 10-15 experience crime against them and females experience 9.8%
) and Ethinicity
(Risk of being a victim is higher for Black, Asian and Minority ethnic groups (BAME)