Violent and Non-violent Civil Rights Movements
A Coggle Diagram about Violent
(Kent State University Shooting- This was a shooting between unarmed college students and the Ohio National Guard. 28 of those soldiers admitted to firing shots on the top of a hill into the ground and into the air. Four students were killed and nine were wounded. Some of the students that were shot were protecting the Cambodian Campaign. Other students were just walking by observing the protest. The protest was announced by President Nixon during a TV address on April 30th.
, Defacto v Dejure Segregation- Defacto was segregating yourself (ex. sitting with your color at lunch) Dejure was by law ( ex. segregated schools)
, Medgar Evers was assassinated in his driveway by a white supremacist man. The reason for this was he tried to overturn segregation in the University of Mississippi.
, Nation of Islam and Malcolm X- was to separate yourself from white people and protect yourself.
, Black Power Movement was black people wanting to achieve their civil rights by using violence. Some of them didn't believe with Martin Luther King's non-violence approach.
, Black Panther movement was to patrol African American neighbourhoods to protect residents from acts of police brutality. It was a self-defense group.
), Rosa Parks was a black women who was arrested for sitting in the wrong seat on a segregated bus. She sat down on the fifth row which was supposed to be the "colored" section, they were then told to move father to the back of the bus to make more room for the white people. She refused to move from her seat. She was arrested! Blacks went on "strike" and refused to ride the bus. Boycott became a big issue. Bus systems and companies weren't getting money because black people were the main people that took buses. This protest lasted for over a year (13 months) then they realized it was unconstitutional.
, Non-violent movement
(Brown v. Board was all about segregation in schools and how how black people thought it was unfair how the white kids got better schools. Black people were then allowed into white schools so they could have better education. This started a lot of conflict with the white communities and how they thought it shouldn't happen and they should keep the schools segregated. Little Rock Nine was the very first 9 black students to attend a white school, Little Rock High School.
, Birmingham Riots / Selma March was a a riot after a bombing that had happened and it targeted leaders of the Birmingham Campine such as Martin Luther King Jr.
, Sit-ins were caused by people who would go into places such as restaurants and refuse to leave until the were served food. This often resulted in them getting arrested or abused. Freedom Riders were colored people who sat anywhere on segregated buses and refused to get up and move seats when asked. This all started with Rosa Parks when she was asked to move out of her seat to make room in the white section. Bus systems lost a lot of money because most of their rides were black people so for 13 months they were boycotted and didn't make hardly any money. Until after when people finally agreed that it was unconstitutional.
, Freedom Summer was about getting black people registered to vote. They started these riots because of equal voting rights. They wanted to be able to vote so they thought it would work.
and March on Washington / I Have a Dream was all about getting equal rights for black people. This was one of the largest political rallies of human rights in United States history. A lot of people headed to Washington to the Lincoln Memorial where Martin Luther King Jr made his famous "I Have a Dream" speech and racism, peace, and equal rights for everyone. The march was organized by Randolph and Rustin. These two both built an alliance of civil rights, labor, and religious organizations.
) and Legislation
(Johnson signed the civil rights act of 1964, this was one of the most important legislations since the reconstruction.
, Legislation is a law
and Voting Rights Act of 1965- this eliminated various devices such as literacy test, that had traditionally been used to stop voting by black people, MLK watched.