Civil Rights Movements during the
50's and 60's
A Coggle Diagram about Legislation
(13 Amendment in 1865: abolished slavery, but this did not give blacks all of the equality
, Civil Rights Act of 1866: people shall have the same rights as others and be full and equal benefits to all of the laws of the rights.
, 14th Amendment in 1866: People that are born or in the US are citizens. Any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person the equal protection of the laws of the US Citizens.
, Plessy v. Ferguson: Court rules that the schools are separate but not equal because the whites did not want to end discrimination because they did not like the blacks.
, 19th Amendment: given to have rights for all citizens to vote and and be an equal citizen to the country.
, Brown v. Board of Education: court rules the school are separated but not equal
, Voting Rights Act: it eliminated devices used to restrict voting by black people and Lyndon Johnson signed it and MLK watched it.
and Fair Housing Act: Requires accessibility for disabled in buildings and facilities financed with federal funds.
), Non-Violent Movements
(Little Rock Nine: was a group of nine African Americans that could not enrolled in Little Rock Central High School and it was because of racial segregation
, Selma March: rioting because of 600 civl rights marchers and they were protesting in a nice way and not a violent way because of it was led by Martin Luther King
, Freedom Summer: was a volunteer campaign in the United States to help register as many African Americans as they could to vote
, Freedom Riders: were civil rights activists who rode buses and they would travel all of the country
, Sit ins: students that sit in at restaurants and would not get helped because of their color and they would not get helped so they would sit there until they would
, I have a dream: public speech delivered by American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom and this was to end racism and the cause for civil and economic rights.
and March on Washington: for jobs and freedom because of it was one of the largest political rallies for human rights
), Violent Movements
(Defect v. Dejure Segregation: was a racial segregation between each; Dejure discrimination means "of the law" and is discrimination enacted through law by the government. Defecto discrimination means "by the facts" and occurs through social interaction.
, Medgar Evers (reason of the assassination): American civil rights activist from Mississippi who worked to overturn segregation; shot to death by Byron De La Beckwith. Evers was assassinated because of volunteering for the U.S. Army.
, Nation of Islam: is an Islamic religious movement; goals are to improve the spiritual, mental, social, and economic condition of African Americans in the United States and all of humanity.
, Black Power Movement (leader): Stockely Carmichael was the leader of the Black Power Movement. The progress made by African Americans in the 1950s and early 1960s at achieving their civil rights was compromised by violence and people wanted violence more than they wanted peace.
, Black Panther Movement: self defense; was to patrol African American neighbourhoods to protect residents from acts of police brutality
and 1968: On April 4, Martin Luther King Jr. was shot and killed as he was standing on the balcony outside of his hotel room. The assassin was James Earl Ray.
April 11, 1968: President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1968 to prohibit discrimination in sales, rental, and financing housing
) and Key People
(Martin Luther King, Jr: he was the leader of the non-violent Civil Rights movement. His involvement in the movement began during the bus boycotts of 1955 and was ended by an assassin's bullet in 1968. He was wanting to have freedom between races.
, Lyndon B. Johnson: he became president after JFK died and he is the one who signed the Civil Rights Act
, Malcolm X: was a black leader that was a key spokesman for the "Black Power" he had grown frustrated with the non-violent, integrated struggle for civil rights and worried that blacks would ultimately lose control of their own movement.
, Rosa Parks: she stood up for what she believed in and because of her arrest of refusing to move to the back of the bus and she boycotted and she is the "mother of the civil rights movement".
, Andrew Goodman: was one of the three activist that were murdered in the Civil Rights Movement
and Emmett Till: 14 year old African American boy that was murdered and it shocked the nation because of what happen and he was harassing local white women.