A Coggle Diagram about Western Frontier (Time Zones- is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes., Homestead Act - Occurred in 1862. It offered 160 acres of free land to any citizen who was the head of a household, but it was first come first serve., Transcontinental Railroad- This was the railroad connected the East and the West.This made transportation across the country. , Open Range - a large area of grazing land without fences or other barriers., Grange Movement - a campaign for state control of railroads and grain elevators, especially in the north central states, carried on during the 1870s by members of the Patrons of Husbandry (the Grange) a farmers' organization that had been formed for social and cultural purposes., Populist Party- A third-party movement that sprang up in the 1890s and drew support especially from disgruntled farmers. The Populists were particularly known for advocating the unlimited coinage of silver., Sod House - Exodusters - African-Americans who moved from thAlso known as a “soddy”. It was a home built of blocks of prairie turf.
e post Reconstruction South to kansas in hope of getting land. In less than one day, settlers claimed 2 million acres and Oklahoma became known as the sooner state because some settlers following the Homestead Act cheated and claimed land sooner than before they were supposed to., Cowhands/Cowboys- a person employed on a cattle ranch , Plains Indians - They believed that powerful spirits controlled events in the natural world and that no individual was allowed to dominate a group, Gold Bugs - a leaf beetle with metallic gold coloration, Silverites - The Silverites were members of a political movement in the United States in the late-19th century that advocated that silver should continue to be a monetary standard along with gold, as authorized under the Coinage Act of 1792., Ghost Towns- A ghost town is an abandoned town that was abandoned due to decline in business or a nearby mine has been worked out. , Buffalo - Native Americans made tepees from buffalo hides and used the fur and skin to make blankets, shoes, clothes. Native Americans also moved from place to place because they followed the Buffalo traveling paths because that was their food source., Farmers Alliance - The Farmers' Alliance was an organized agrarian economic movement among American farmers that developed and flourished in 1875, Battle of Little Big Horn - A battle where native Americans were ready for the White settlers. The group was led by Crazy Horse, Gall, and Sitting Bull - all Warriors. They crushed Custer’s troops within hours, Wounded Knee- Wounded Knee, located on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in southwestern South Dakota, was the site of two conflicts between North American Indians and representatives of the U.S. government. , Dawes Act - It happened in 1877. It aimed to Americanize the Native Americans, Populist Party- The people’s party made up of farmers, they fought for farmers rights., Grange Movement- coalition of U.S. farmers, particularly in the Middle West, that fought monopolistic grain transport practices during the decade following the American Civil War., J.P. Morgan - dominated corporate finance and industrial consolidation; had control of 1/6 of the railroad lines in the US, Cornelius Vanderbilt- gained control of various railways from NY to Chicago and organized them so they could run more efficiently, Bessemer Process - make steel and Gold Standard - all paper money would be backed only by gold; government had to hold gold in reserve in case people decided they wanted to trade in their money), Big Business (Andrew Carnegie- He came to America from Scotland as a poor man, but he made millions off steel., Entrepreneur- a person who organizes and operates a business or businesses, taking on greater than normal financial risks in order to do so., Patent- a government authority or license conferring a right or title for a set period, especially the sole right to exclude others from making, using, or selling an invention, Thomas Edison- U.S. inventor who created the automatic telegraph systems, the carbon microphone for telephones, the phonograph, and the carbon filament lamp., Bessemer Process- A steel making process, Mass Production- Creating large quantities by an automated mechanical process., Corporations- a company or group of people authorized to act as a single entity, Monopoly- the exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity or service, John D. Rockefeller- He was the founder of the Standard Oil Company, he was the richest man in the world started charitable organizations., Laissez Faire- a policy or attitude of letting things take their own course, without interfering., J.P. Morgan- was an American financier and banker who dominated corporate finance and industrial consolidation, Cornelius Vanderbilt- was an American business magnate and philanthropist who built his wealth in railroads and shipping., Social Darwinism- the theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals. Advocated by Herbert Spencer and used to justify political conservatism, imperialism, and racism and to discourage intervention and reform., Sherman Anti-Trust Act- This act banned any formations that would restrict trade, not distinguishing between bad and good trusts. The act was a hamper on worker unions, but it showed that the government was slowly moving away from laissez faire ideals.
Vertical Integration, Horizontal Integration- the process of a company increasing production of goods or services at the same part of the supply chain. A company may do this via internal expansion, acquisition or merger. The process can lead to monopoly if a company captures the vast majority of the market for that product or service., Monopoly, Oil, steel and prevents monopolies), Labor Unions and Immigration and Gilded Age (Booker T. Washington- An African-American educator of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, who headed Tuskegee Institute, a college for African-Americans in Alabama., Mark Twain - American Writer, wrote about realism/naturalism, and humor during the Gilded age, Joseph Pulitzer - writer and creator of the Yellow Press. Led people to believe that the situations occurring in Cuba were worse, that they were in reality, Horatio Alger - was a prolific 19th-century American author, best known for his many young-adult novels about impoverished boys and their rise from humble backgrounds to lives of middle-class security and comfort through hard work, determination, courage, and honesty., Vaudeville - a type of entertainment popular chiefly in the US in the early 20th century, featuring a mixture of specialty acts such as burlesque comedy and song and dance., Mass Culture - similar cultural patterns in a society as a result of the spread of transportation., W.E.B. DuBois - African American civil rights activist writer , Spoils System- the practice of a successful political party giving public office to its supporters., Pendleton Civil Service Act - Awarded government jobs to on the basis of merit; required that civil service examinations taken before applicants were given certain jobs; made it illegal to fire or demote government employees for political reasons; renewed funding for the US Civil Service Commision; made policy making and administrative powers were give, Gold Standard - all paper money would be backed only by gold; government had to hold gold in reserve in case people decided they wanted to trade in their money and Transcontinental Railroad - huge form of transportation thanks to American culture)