Gross Negligent Manslaughter
A Coggle Diagram about Duty to act must be established - There must be a duty to care under ordinary rules of negligence OR a duty recognised by criminal law, Breach must cause the death of V - Normal rules of causation apply.
Factual (white) and legal (pagett) cause, Gross Negligence- The D's conduct must be so bad in the circumstances that it deserves to be punished. , Obvious risk of death - Must be an obvious risk of death. D doesn't have to appreciate this (objective test) and GNM can be committed by an act or an omission (UAM can only be committed through and act not an omission)