Approaches to Reading Instruction
A Coggle Diagram about Guided Reading
(Common Routines -
, (Role of the teacher--guide students' to the next level of their understanding through the gradual release of responsibility; Student--follow the guidance of the expert teacher
and Grouping - small groups (2-5 students)
), ("...guided reading is intended to emphasize the complex nature of literacy development and attention to students’ individual needs within an explicit lesson format using leveled books" (Maloch et al., 2014, p. 28)
), Texts - Primarily instructional level texts working towards independent level.
, Resources: Still looking...it is difficult to find really good videos of guided reading lessons online.
and Purpose - To develop increasing independence in increasingly complex texts. (Fountas & Pinnell--rooted in the work of Marie Clay's Reading Recovery)
), Interactive Read Aloud
, Close Reading
(Purpose: "You want students to be able to deeply understand the author's message--in other words, you need to read closely, analytically, deeply, critically, reflectively." Shanahan
and Role of the teacher is to select a text that contains a level of complexity to challenges students. The teacher sets the purpose for reading and guides students through multiple readings with text-dependent questions.
Students persist through multiple readings, developing deeper analysis with each read.
), Individualized Reading
, Project-based Learning
and Systematic, explicit phonemic awareness and phonics instruction