Can we save the planet? Is awareness raising enough to save the planet?
A Coggle Diagram about POST-ECOLOGISM AND ECO GOVERNMENTALITY
Reformists Vs. Revolutionists. eg. Realos and Fundis in German Green Party. Realos felt that deals should be made with other political parties to gain power, but the fundis believed this would be compromising their beliefs and nothing would change. >>>Lead to activist disillusionment.
, ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLE : THE WORLD SUMMIT IN 2002
- 26th August 2006, 22,000 participants from over 190 countries.
- 10 years since 1992 UNCED.
- Focus on implementation
, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Brutland Report 1987
"development which meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." Due to poorer countries struggling to afford environmental change in production.
, **Tragedy of the Commons HARDIN 1968**
Everybody stakes a claim on natural resources as they are not 'owned' by anyone. So individuals try to maximise the benefits to avoid the costs of protecting them.
Pasture example, if people increase the number of cattle they keep on the commons there are not enough resources for everyone and it becomes overgrazed. Each cattle owner is acting in his own interest - rational actors - but the outcome is tragic. Also put forward the idea of lifeboat ethics.
, The Environmental Movement
- Range of groups who have campaigned on environmental issues.
- Rose as part of youth- movements of 1960s in USA, some 20 million Americans took part in massive rallies across the country for the first 'Earth Day.'
- Carson's Silent Spring 1964 Pesticides killing bird pupulations.**
- Limits to Grwoth 1974, Club of Rome Meadows et al** - A global think tank concerned with future of humanity and the planet.
, Timeline of Modern Environmentalism
April 1961 The WWF founded in Switzerland
March 1967 The Torrey Canyon super-tanker runs off the coast of cornwall, taking 120,000l of crude oil.
May 1969Friends of the Earth founded.
Dec 1970 First Earth day - over 22 mil Americans protest.
Sept 1971 Greenpeace founded.
June 1972 Stockholm conference on the Human Environment (UNCHE) 113 govts.
March 1979Core meltdown at Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania.
1983-87World comission on envir. and Development/Bruntland Comission. Report popularised the concept of sustainable development.
Dec 1984 Gas explosion Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal causes at least 3,387 deaths from gas leaks and injures hundreds of thousands.
April 1986 Chernobyl
Dec 1988 International panel on CC (IPCC) established by the International Meteorological Organisation and the UNEP to review and assess scientific research on Climate change.
June 1992 Rio Earth Summit (UNCED) in Brazil attended by 172 countries almost 20,000 people.
August 2002 Rio+10 World summit on sustainable development held in Johannesburg, SA attened by over 190 countries and 22,000 participants.
April-July 2010 Oil leaks from BP Deepwater Horizon platform into the Gulf of Mexico, three months before It can be stopped.
March 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster.
, A Green revolution?
Doyle and Doherty argue that strengthening and linking up emancipatory social movements is required if we are to save the planet. Arguably organisations such as WWF have become too institutionalised and global, comfortable with existing power relations.
Local communities matter.
and CARL DEATH
- Pessimistic overall but somewhat heroic attempst by some to save the planet, whether through large global conferences or INGOs.
- Human beings are adaptable creatures whose economies have grown and evolved unlike anything else on the planet.
- The planet will almost certainly outlast us.
- What sort of changes will we produce? And what effects will this have on future generations, people in the weakest areas of the world? And other species? And who are 'we' that are tasked with deciding on these changes?