The theory-practice gap
A Coggle Diagram about Perspectives (Zeichner and Tabachnick (1981) present
a review of alternative scenarios to the
Progressive-Traditional shift., Activity theory, Two-worlds pitfall
(Feiman-Nemser and Buchmann, 1983), Socialisation towards more conservative beliefs and utilitarian practices do not always occur (Zeichner, 1980). There are plenty of examples of overt and covert resistance. and "The effects of most teacher preparation programs on the fundamental approaches and orientations of those who undergo them appear to be temporary or non-existent as teachers submit to the demands of the immediate school context, or fall back on the primitive images of teaching they acquired when they were young" (Hargreaves and Jacka, 1995)) and Can the gap be bridged?