LO3- How do we know that the earliest recalled memories are reliable?
A Coggle Diagram about Cued Memories (Recognition cues tend to impair accurate memory recall (Joslyn et al, 2000) , False Negatives, Arnold & Lindsay (2001) Some cueing conditions resulted in less accurate memories in their study. Congruence of 1st and 2nd recall may be key to accuracy of memory for previous recollection , Padilla-Walker & Poole (2002) participants remembered more items in recognition recall, compared to free recall and However does cueing impair judgement for having previously remembered, compared to conditions that elicit free recall? ), Emotional bias (PTSD, Depression/chronic pain and Abuse/Trauma), False Memories (Disbuted ownership of memoires and Loftus (1995) False memories can be administered and believed by individuals by the power of persuasion. Results from this study suggest that individuals cling to false memories even after debriefing in groups (Loftus & Coan, 1994).
Subjects were led to believe the false memory that they were lost. One participant believed she had been lost in a shopping mall whilst looking at puppies in the pet store where an old woman helped her to safely reunite with her family. After debriefing Becca had to ring her parents for clarification that the event had not happened as she fully believed the event had happened. Thus emphasizing that recalled memories are not reliable.) and Reliability of recall