Human Growth and Development (X. Psychosocial Theory of Erik Erikson ( …
Human Growth and Development
I. Nature VS Nurture
Nature refers to heredity, the influence of inherited characteristics on personality, physical growth, intellectual growth and social interactions.
Nurture refers to the influence of the environment and includes parenting styles, physical surroundings, society, economic factors, and anything that can have an influence on development that does not come from within the person.
II. Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
It is special molecule that contains the genetic material of the organism. The nature of each genes determine the characteristics of a certain trait.
III. Genetic Disorders
a. Cystic fibrosis
c. Tay - Sachs disease
d. Phenylketonuria or PKU
IV. Chromosome Disorders
b. Klinefelter's syndrome
c. Turner's syndrome
a. Down syndrome
V. Periods of Pregnancy
From conception to the actual birth of the baby is a period of approximately nine months, during which a single cell becomes a complete infant, pregnancy has 3 periods;
VI. How do twins develop in pregnancy.
FRATERNAL TWINS also called Dizygotic twins - when the mother's body release multiple eggs.
SIAMESE TWINS also called conjoined twins - when tje mass of cells begin to separate.
VII. Physical Development of a Child.
b. Mono reflex
c. Palmar grasp reflex
d. Babinski reflex
a. Rooting and sucking reflex
e. Stepping or walking reflex
VIII. Jean Piglet Theory on
Of a Child.
b. Preoperational Stage
c. Concrete oprational stage
a. Sensorimotor Stage
d. Formal operational stage
IX. Lev Vygotsky Theory on Cognitive
Development of a Child.
The child learns to develop his/her knowledge through various interactives with the significant people in his/her life like her parents, teachers, and other adults.
X. Psychosocial Theory of Erik Erikson
Identity vs. Confusion
Industry vs. Inferiority
Initiative vs. Guilt
Intimacy vs. Isolation
Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt
Generativity vs. Stagnation
Trust vs. Mistrust
Integrity vs. Despair
XI. Physical Changes in Adolescence Stage
b. Development of secondary sex characteriatics
c. Confirmed brain development
a. Rapid gaons in height and weight
b. Middle adulthood ( ages 41 to 65)
c. Late adulthood stage (ages 66 and older)
a. Young adulthood (20 to 40)