Aim - to see if there are intercultural variation is attachment, if there are differences in attachment types and countries
Procedure - Meta-analysis of 32 separate studies in 8 different countries (GB, US, China, Japan, Israel, Sweden, Netherlands, West Germany) using the Strange Situation method. In total, over 2000 babies were studied
Findings - the most common attachment type in all countries was Type B. More Type A found in countries such as Germany (35%) than countries such as Japan (5%). More Type C found in countries such as Israel (29%) than countries such as Sweden (4%). Differences within each country were found (Intra-cultural variation). Of the 2 studies in Japa, one had no Type A whereas the other had 20% Type A.Variations within countries 1.5x greater than between countries
Conclusions - There are intercultural variations in attachment, however there are also intracultural variations.Shows that secure attachment is best for healthy social and emotional development.