Developing American Identity(1820-1880) (Women (In 1850 a women's…
Developing American Identity(1820-1880)
By 1834, there were over 5,000 temperance groups that wanted the ban to end and they all worked together to prove their point to the government.
In the 1830s, the movement began to weaken but in 1837, a depression happened and people really wanted something to cope with the social acceleration. Because of this, the flame was reignited and the people still persisted for change.
In 1820, the temperance movement grew in power and even church ministers were in on the movement now, giving it credibility and making it seem very justified. If the pastor even wants this ban lifted, why shouldn't you?
Strong drinks were not allowed to be distributed or drank in the United States and the world was not fond of it.
In 1850 a women's right convention was held and while some women backed out because of the publicity, many stayed firm and their words were put in newspapers around their area. Their sentiments had blown up bigger than they had thought it would.
Esther Morris, the first woman to hold a judicial position, who led the first successful state campaign for woman suffrage, in Wyoming in 1869 set an example for how a woman can be just as influential in government.
Cady Stanton wrote the Declaration of Sentiments which was made in similar format to the Declaration of Independence. It states how men were created equal to men and women are facing too many troubles in society for what they are.
While this was a very strong movement, the only real powerful lasting impact that came from the movement of this time was the convention. It was just too early for women to get what they wanted, while slaves were still a thing too.
On July 19, 1848, women went out for tea and spoke about how they fought 70 years earlier for independence from tyranny but the women are still not free. Because of this, the women later hosted a convention to voice this.
In 1841, every state abolished these ideals and school enrollment and attendance became mandatory for certain ages of kids.
While it involved tax money being distributed and put into something new, society knew it did much more good than harm and there wasn't much opposition to this educational reform.
By making schooling available for everybody they believed they could "reserve social stability and prevent crime and poverty."
19th century was the first time that schooling went from private schooling to being publically available to everybody. It used to cost a lot and only be for the rich but now it's for the common masses.
In 1831, Garrison, in Boston, began publishing his famous newspaper, the Liberator, supported largely by free African-Americans, who always played a major role in the movement
In 1833, the American Anti-Slavery Society was formed, which denounced slavery as a sin that must be abolished immediately, endorsed nonviolence, and condemned racial prejudice.
Because of the Second Great Awakening, the movement for abolition grew a lot more in the 1830s. Because more people were coming back to Protestantism, they fell under their beliefs and based what they thought behind their religion. Slavery doesn't sound too great under religious eyes.
From the 1830s until 1870, the abolitionist movement attempted to achieve immediate emancipation of all slaves and the ending of racial segregation and discrimination.
In 1830, Joseph Smith created the Mormon Church and it was the first big religion to be created in the United States. Joseph Smith wanted to create a utopian society of mormons but they were constantly persecuted. After Smith was murdered in 1844, Brigham Young led the followers of Mormonism west and founded Utah.
Second Great Awakening was full force in the 1820s and it led to many people coming back to Protestantism and all that comes with it.
There weren't and large-scale utopian societies but they all shared the goal of being able to work together and then once work is done, they pursue their own interests in sciences or reading. The utopian societies fell quickly after just a few years mostly.
Protestantism was still the predominant religious sect in the United States and the main difference now was that people believed in works making them reach salvation.