Developing American Identity 1820-1880 (Temperance (Social movement…
Developing American Identity 1820-1880
Social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages
People part of the movement criticize alcohol intoxication
Temperance movement led by Frances Willard
Large influence on American politics
Leaders emphasized the sinfulness of drinking as well as the evil effects on personality, family life.
Movement to end slavery
Was social and political push for the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation.
In the 1830s the movement attempted to achieve immediate emancipation of all slaves
Movement spread throughout the years
Free public education was very common in the North but very uncommon in the South
First school started in 1821 in Boston
The Second Great Awakening launched many reform movements, including a push for mandatory, free, public education.
n 1837, Horace Mann, the Secretary of Education in Massachusetts, began reforming the state's school system,
Religion/ Utopian Society
The Puritans came to the New England colonies to escape religious persecution. The Puritans later gave birth to the Baptists and the Congregationalists
The Amana Colonies were one of many utopian colonies established in American
There were hundreds of communal utopian experiments in the early United States, and the Shakers alone founded around 20 settlements.
At the start of the Revolution the largest denominations were Congregationalists, Anglicans, Quakers, Evangelical Methodism and Baptists
Were second class citiznes
Were not encouraged to obtain a real education or pursue a professional career.
After women were married they had no right to own property
Women were denied the right to vote