Developing American Identity 1820-1880 (Abolitionist Movement (Newspapers…
Developing American Identity 1820-1880
People who supported this movement wanted to either limit or completely outlaw the consumption of alcohol
Some people thought that God would not continue to bless america if they continued to drink
Thought that the consumption of alcohol was immoral
Slightly successful until the Civil war which spurred the use of alcohol once again
Alcohol was a key part of american culture as it was often involved in marriage ceremonies, and was sometimes taken as payment for jobs in addition to money
Newspapers like the "liberator" started becoming more popular and helped spread the notion and ideas of the abolitionist movement.
Former slaves who escaped tot he north, such as Frederick Douglass, were some of the biggest advocates for this movement because they had witnessed the horrors up close.
This movement was different from others types of anti-slavery movements who simply wanted to halt the spread of slavery while allowing it to continue to exist where it already was.
Ultimately was one of the leading causes of what led to the division of the country and the start of the civil war.
Was mostly prominent in the north, but there were some portions of the population in the south who supported this movement.
More advocation for public schools funded by the state and taxes
A free public education was much more common in the North than it was in the south because of the higher amount of people concentrated in one area
Women started to get more education, although it was not formal and was often received through self teaching or from other women who would meet together to learn and educate each other
Most sllaves did not recive any kind of eduaction and those that did did so illegally and often recived reprecustions from thier master when they found out.
Religion/ Utopian Society
Second great awakening: led to the revival of the protestant religion in all parts of america
Saw an increase of women and african americans participating in religious activities because of new opportunities that were previously restricted to them
Founding of the Mormon/LDS church in 1830s
Most of the major religions in the south preached that slavery was justified by the bible which thus influenced the general thought of the southern whites
There were many utopian societies that were created during this time because people, mostly religious, wanted to create their own perfect societies
Many wanted to create equality and get rid of social classes
Similar to the communist societies in Russia and other eastern european countries
Many women started to educate themselves because it was looked down upon for a woman to go get a formal education, but men realized that they should have some education if they were going to raise the children properly
Start of the National Women's suffrage association in 1869 because of increasing interest from women in politics spurred their want for the right to vote
When civil war started many women had to assume the jobs that their husbands previously had because they needed to provide for their families and because the factories were in desperate need of workers to make supplies for the war
When the men came back there was unrest because they did not women to continue to be in the work force
Because more men started to leave home to work in factories instead of farms, women were often left at home during the day to watch over the children and house which meant that they had more freedom over what they could chose to do with their free time while their husband was at work